Green Car Congress  
Home Topics Archives About Contact  RSS Headlines
Tweets from the Editor

Bochum chemists develop method to produce self-healing catalyst films for hydrogen production

27 May 2017

Chemically aggressive conditions prevail during the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen, wearing out the catalysts used. Further, engineering stable electrodes using highly active catalyst nanopowders for electrochemical water splitting remains a notorious challenge.

Now, chemists at the Centre for Electrochemical Sciences at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have devised an innovative and general approach for attaining highly stable catalyst films with self-healing capability based on in-situ self-assembly of catalyst particles during electrolysis. A team comprising Stefan Barwe, Prof Dr Wolfgang Schuhmann and Dr Edgar Ventosa from the Bochum Chair of Analytical Chemistry reports on this in the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition. The work took place as part of the cluster of excellence Resolv.

Continue Reading “Bochum chemists develop method to produce self-healing catalyst films for hydrogen production”

Comments (3)

Government of Canada to develop a national Zero-Emissions Vehicle strategy by 2018

26 May 2017

The Government of Canada is moving forward with provincial and territorial partners, industry and stakeholders, to develop a national strategy to increase the number of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVS)—battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles—on Canadian roads by 2018.

Transportation accounts for about 24% of Canada’s emissions, mostly from cars and trucks. In 2015, light-duty vehicle emissions accounted for approximately 50% of Canada’s transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions, and 12% of the country’s total emissions. ZEVs offer the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly from the light-duty vehicle sector.

More... | Comments (8)

Study links PM2.5 pollution to heart damage

26 May 2017

Research presented at the annual CMR (cardiovascular magnetic resonance) imaging conference of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) links PM2.5 pollution to heart damage. Among the sources of urban PM2.5 are diesel and gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines (earlier post).

There is strong evidence that particulate matter (PM) from road vehicles is associated with increased risk of heart attack, heart failure, and death, said lead author Dr. Nay Aung, a cardiologist and Wellcome Trust research fellow, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, UK. “This appears to be driven by an inflammatory response—inhalation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) causes localized inflammation of the lungs followed by a more systemic inflammation affecting the whole body.

More... | Comments (5)

Researchers find that high pressure is key to high-entropy alloys

26 May 2017

Researchers from Stanford University and the University of Tennessee report that high pressure could be the key to making advanced high-entropy alloys (HEAs, near-equiatomic solid solutions of multi-principal-elements that are promising for high-temperature applications, earlier post) that are lighter, stronger and more heat-resistant than conventional alloys.

In an open access paper in Nature Communications, the team described the high-pressure synthesis of a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) phase of the prototypical high-entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi. They found that the hcp phase was retained following decompression to ambient pressure, yielding metastable mixtures. This demonstrated a means of tuning the structures and properties of high-entropy alloys in a manner not achievable by conventional processing techniques.

More... | Comments (2)

INFINITI selects 9 Internet of Things (IoT) and smart city startups for INFINITI LAB program in Canada

26 May 2017

INFINITI LAB Toronto, an Internet of Things (IoT) and smart cities accelerator program from premium car brand INFINITI, announced the nine startups that will participate in the inaugural four-week accelerator program in Toronto.

The nine participating startups have raised $2.7 million in funding between them, and during the program they will receive education, mentorship and access to technology from corporate and technology partners including new partners IBM Canada and TribalScale, and existing partners including Techstars, OMERS Ventures, and the City of Toronto.

More... | Comments (0)

Ford continues executive shuffling in wake of replacement of CEO; Marakby back from Uber to lead electrification

25 May 2017

On Monday, Ford Motor Company announced the immediate replacement of Mark Fields as CEO by Jim Hackett, who had led Ford Smart Mobility LLC since March 2016. Ford also announced changes in roles for three top executives: Jim Farley (Global Markets), Joe Hinrichs (Global Operations) and Marcy Klevorn (Mobility). (Earlier post.)

Today, Ford announced another set of senior leadership changes around the world, completing the newly reorganized team led by President and CEO Hackett. Among those changes is the return of Sherif Marakby from Uber to become Ford vice president, autonomous vehicles and electrification.

More... | Comments (2)

Volkswagen brand intends to almost halve environmental impact of production by 2025 vs. 2010 baseline

25 May 2017

The Volkswagen brand has set itself new, ambitious targets for reducing the environmental impact of production. By 2025, vehicles and components are to be produced in a way which is 45% more environmentally compatible than in 2010, the reference year for the current Think Blue. Factory. environmental program. (Earlier post.)

To date, Think Blue. Factory. has received more than 30 awards—including the National Energy Globe as the best project in Germany, the GreenTec Award for energy efficiency and water-saving measures in production and the Sustainovation Award. As of the end of 2016, Volkswagen had achieved an average reduction of 29.2% in environmental impact: energy -23.5%; CO2 - 28.6%; waste -58.6%; water -27.5%; and solvent emissions -7.6%.

More... | Comments (1)

Platinum-yttrium nanoalloys 10x as effective as platinum nanoparticles in fuel cells

25 May 2017

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology and Technical University of Denmark have shown that thin alloy films of single-target co-sputtered platinum-yttrium exhibit up to 7x higher specific activity (13.4 ± 0.4 mA cm−2) for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cells than polycrystalline platinum, and up to one order of magnitude higher mass activity (3.5 ± 0.3 A mg−1) than platinum nanoparticles.

These nanoalloys have the highest reported ORR activity for an as-deposited material—i.e., without any additional chemical or thermal treatment. The films also show an improvement in stability over the same materials in nanoparticulate form. In a paper published in the journal Advanced Materials Interfaces, the researchers suggest that their results open new possibilities for the preparation of platinum-rare earth metal alloy catalysts in commercial devices.

More... | Comments (5)

Volkswagen apprentices unveil 48V hybrid Golf GTI, enhanced Golf GTE PHEV at at Wörthersee meeting

25 May 2017

At Volkswagen’s Wörthersee meeting this week, 13 apprentices from Volkswagen Wolfsburg and Sitech are presenting the first GTI that also features electric propulsion: the Golf GTI First Decade. A different team of 14 apprentices from Volkswagen Sachsen are also unveiling a Wörthersee show car, the Golf GTE Variant impulsE—a show version of the production plug-in hybrid featuring enhanced all-electric range.

The Golf GTI First Decade combines a 410 PS (300 kW) gasoline engine driving the front wheels with a 48-volt electric motor that drives the rear wheels with a maximum output of 12 kW. The two drive systems can be used separately but also work hand-in-hand when required.

More... | Comments (2)

DOE awarding $72M in 73 Phase II SBIR/STTR grants

25 May 2017

The US Department of Energy will award 73 grants totaling $72 million to 68 small businesses in 24 states. Funded through DOE’s Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs, the latest selections are for Phase II research and development.

Small businesses that demonstrated technical feasibility for innovations during their Phase I grants competed for funding for prototype or processes development during Phase II. In addition, prior Phase II awardees competed for sequential Phase II awards to continue prototype and process development. The median Phase II award is $1 million for a period of two years. The 73 awards are funded by Office of Science programs in Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Basic Energy Sciences, and Nuclear Physics.

More... | Comments (0)

International team uncovers mechanisms of VW, Fiat software defeat device code

24 May 2017

An international team of researchers has uncovered the mechanisms of two families of software defeat devices for diesel engines: one used by the Volkswagen Group to pass emissions tests in the US and Europe, and a second found in Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. To carry out the analysis, the team developed new static analysis firmware forensics techniques necessary automatically to identify defeat devices and confirm their function.

After testing some 900 firmware images, the researchers were able to detect a potential defeat device in more than 400 firmware images spanning eight years. Both the Volkswagen and Fiat vehicles use the EDC17 diesel ECU manufactured by Bosch, the researchers noted. Using a combination of manual reverse engineering of binary firmware images and insights obtained from manufacturer technical documentation traded in the performance tuner community, the researchers identified the defeat devices used, how the devices inferred when the vehicle was under test, and how that inference was used to change engine behavior. “Notably,” the team wrote in a paper presented at the 38th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy this week, “we find strong evidence that both defeat devices were created by Bosch and then enabled by Volkswagen and Fiat for their respective vehicles.

More... | Comments (4)

Swiss team concludes that particulate filters should be mandatory for GDI engines

24 May 2017

Based on a three-year study of toxic and environmentally relevant pollutants from gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines, Swiss researchers have concluded that some GDI engines emit just as many soot particles as unfiltered diesel cars did in the past. Further, the GDI particles carry numerous carcinogenic substances. Based on this current data, they recommend that particulate filters be mandatory for GDI engines.

In the spring 2014, the GasOMeP project (Gasoline Vehicle Emission Control for Organic, Metallic and Particulate Non-Legislative Pollutants) got underway. The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Bern University of Applied Sciences, the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, several industrial partners and Empa were all involved. The project was funded by the ETH Domain’s Competence Center for Energy and Mobility (CCEM) and coordinated by Empa chemist Norbert Heeb, who has made a name for himself in the last 25 years by analyzing diesel emissions and studying filter systems.

More... | Comments (23)

Green Car Congress © 2017 BioAge Group, LLC. All Rights Reserved. | Home | BioAge Group

Other Recent Items...
Six mobility start-ups launching Volkswagen’s incubator program at Transparent Factory
24 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Continental supplying transmission control unit, sensor cluster and software for Great Wall 7DCT
24 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Today’s Stunted Oil Prices Could Cause Oil Price Shock In 2020
24 May 2017  | Com. (6)
EIA projects light-duty vehicle energy use to drop 12% by 2025
23 May 2017  | Com. (7)
US sues Fiat Chrysler over diesel emissions
23 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Proposed 2018 Trump budgets cuts EPA funding 31.4%, DOE 5.6%, DOT 12.7%, NSF 10.7%
23 May 2017  | Com. (10)
2018 Volkswagen Tiguan powered by 2.0L EA888 Gen3B engine
23 May 2017  | Com. (0)
2017 smart fortwo electric drive offers more for less; starting MSRP $23,800 in US
23 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Researchers show mechanism by which diesel exhaust particles trigger respiratory “flare-ups”
23 May 2017  | Com. (1)
DOE: gasoline direct injection engine technology showing very rapid adoption; 48.5% market share after 9 years
23 May 2017  | Com. (4)
Toyota Research Institute exploring blockchain technology for development of new mobility ecosystem
22 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Daimler lays foundation for its second battery factory; €500M investment for premium eBattery plant
22 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Ford Motor replaces CEO Fields
22 May 2017  | Com. (3)
HZB team devises new Ti4O7 cathode material for Lithium-sulfur batteries
22 May 2017  | Com. (2)
Brunel, Sarginsons developing high-performance cast aluminum alloys for energy-absorbing structures; better bumpers without steel
22 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Infineon launches €106M “Productive4.0” research project; largest European research effort to date in Industry 4.0
22 May 2017  | Com. (0)
California ARB opens solicitations for $17M for On-Road Advanced Technology Demonstrations Projects; Class 7, 8 trucks
20 May 2017  | Com. (3)
Rice team devises Li metal anode that completely suppresses Li dendrite formation
19 May 2017  | Com. (7)
Audi to launch 3 new electric models by 2020; subsequent electrification in renewed core; targeting 1/3 electrified unit sales by 2025
19 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Ricardo designing two versions of lightweight and thermally-efficient Latitude engine on JLR Ingenium engine base
19 May 2017  | Com. (2)
DOE moving forward with $11.1M in funding for three ARPA-E projects
19 May 2017  | Com. (0)
New mesocrystal photocatalyst enhances light-driven hydrogen production
18 May 2017  | Com. (6)
Qualcomm demonstrates dynamic electric vehicle charging; supports up to 20 kW at highway speeds
18 May 2017  | Com. (14)
Researchers develop microwave-driven, energy-efficient process for magnesium production
18 May 2017  | Com. (3)
European Commission opens infringement procedure against Italy over insufficient action on Fiat Chrysler emission control strategies
18 May 2017  | Com. (1)
European PaREGEn project targeting improved gasoline direct-injection fuel-efficiency and reduced particle emissions
18 May 2017  | Com. (2)
AK Steel receives $1.8M from DOE to develop next-generation electrical steels for hybrid and electric vehicle motors
18 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Federal court approves $225M settlement in VW 3.0L diesel case; California receives $66M plus two new VW ZEV models
18 May 2017  | Com. (0)
US Shale Is Immune To An Oil Price Crash In 2017
18 May 2017  | Com. (3)
Volvo Trucks and Renova testing autonomous refuse trucks; driving in reverse
17 May 2017  | Com. (0)
FEV study finds optimizing engine for renewable diesel use reduces fuel consumption and emissions
17 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Mercedes-Benz: electric Citaro entering production next year; e-mobility consultancy service for transport operators
17 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Juniper: V2V to feature in >50% of cars sold by 2022
17 May 2017  | Com. (0)
CSIRO team working to commercialize membrane separating H2 from NH3; opening up an export market for Australia renewable H2
17 May 2017  | Com. (3)
BMW Group, Intel and Mobileye bringing Delphi in as partner in autonomous driving platform work
16 May 2017  | Com. (0)
UH team develops new, highly efficient and durable OER catalyst for water splitting
16 May 2017  | Com. (8)
Honda begins joint research with Boston University in information security for AI; secure MPC
16 May 2017  | Com. (0)
BMW’s ReachNow installing Light & Charge locations in Seattle; 100 chargers at 20 new public sites
16 May 2017  | Com. (2)
New international study finds lab testing of diesel NOx emissions underestimates real-world levels by up to 50%
15 May 2017  | Com. (2)
Volvo Cars in strategic partnership with Google to build Android into next generation connected cars
15 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Hawaii study finds vehicle-to-grid discharge detrimental to EV batteries
15 May 2017  | Com. (8)
Team develops electroplating method for Li-ion cathode production; high performance and new form factors, functionalities
13 May 2017  | Com. (11)
Study finds fleet switch from PFI to GDI engines will result in net reduction in global warming
12 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Groupe PSA and partners launch GridMotion; reducing electric vehicle usage cost with smart charging
12 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Argonne, NREL, Gevo to develop predictive octane blending model for isobutanol and gasoline
12 May 2017  | Com. (0)
Audi puts steel back in the new A8
12 May 2017  | Com. (0)
155 businesses and industry groups send letter of support for California LCFS in current and possibly more stringent future forms
12 May 2017  | Com. (1)
Alberta Innovates & NRCan awarding $26.2M to three oil sands clean tech projects; industry kicking in $43.3M
12 May 2017  | Com. (1)
TM4 and Cummins jointly developing range-extended electric plug-in powertrain for Class 7/8 buses
11 May 2017  | Com. (3)
Fraunhofer IAF develops first monolithically integrated GaN half bridge for voltage converters for e-mobility
11 May 2017  | Com. (0)