|Current and proposed biodiesel plants. Click to enlarge. (NBB)|
The National Biodiesel Board estimates US production of biodiesel will reach 75 million gallons in 2005, up three times from the 25 million gallons produced in 2004.
There are currently 45 active biodiesel plants in the United States, with an average output of about 6.5 million gallons per year, although some larger plants in the 30 million gallon range have also opened. Currently, at least 54 more plants are planned.
More than 600 major fleets use biodiesel nationwide, including the National Park Service, state departments of transportation and the military. Nationally, more than 600 retail filling stations make biodiesel blends available to the public.
According to the US Energy Information Administration, US on-highway use consumed 37.1 billion gallons of diesel in 2003. At that level of consumption, the biodiesel production in 2005 represents 0.2% of supply.
The EIA recently evaluated the potential affect of an increased penetration of diesel light-duty vehicles into the US market. In its most aggressive case, which projects a 10% diesel share of light duty vehicle sales, the EIA estiamtes that diesel demand in 2015 will increase by 139,000 barrels per day (5.8 million barrels per day or 2.1 billion gallons per year) over 2005 levels.
(Correspondingly, gasoline demand falls by 192,000 barrels per day in the high-growth case.)