|Changes by sector in Canadian GHG emissions, 1990-2003. Transportation accounts for the second and third largest increases.|
Canadian Press. Canada’s Environment Minister Rona Ambrose says that it is impossible for Canada to reach its Kyoto target, and that Canada must set more realistic targets for cutting greenhouse gases.
Citing unpublished government figures, Ambrose said Canada’s emissions have climbed by almost 30% since 1990. Under the Kyoto treaty, Canada is to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 6% below 1990 levels by the period between 2008 and 2012.
The most recently published figures of the 2003 greenhouse gas inventory showed that Canada’s GHG emissions had climbed 24% from 1990 to 2003, while the economy grew 42.8% (based on GDP).
Between 1990 and 2003, significant growth in exports of natural gas from Canada to the United States resulted in a sharp increase in the emissions associated with the production and transportation of natural gas. In 2003, these emissions were 25.6 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2e), a 101% increase over the 1990 level of 12.7 Mt. Total Canadian GHG emissions in 2003 were 740 Mt; total net US GHG emissions were 6,072 Mt in 2003.
The largest increase in Canadian GHG emissions between 1990 and 2003 was in the electricity and heating sector, followed by light duty gasoline-fueled trucks and then heavy-duty diesel vehicles.
The boom in the oil sands sector will be contributing significantly to ongoing increases.
Minister Ambrose will preside over the next round of Kyoto talks that open in Bonn on 15 April.
“I have had consultations with member countries and our international partners, and they are all finding themselves in the same position we are.”
Asked whether she might set new targets, Ambrose said: “Sure, that’s some that we can consider and we have to.”
“We have to work with all of our industry sectors that are obviously the causes of emissions and pollution on ways to reduce pollution and greenhouse gases and they’re willing, they’re very willing to work with the government. So that’s our next step.”
“As president of the conference of parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, I will be vigorously defending the taxpayers of Canada and Canada’s position about approaching climate change with a realistic and effective plan,” she said.“The next step is to start to talk about action and solutions long term. We need solutions that are out by 50, 100 years—not two years, five years.”