Carbon dioxide emissions from new cars sold in the EU-15 dropped in 2004 to an average 12.4% below 1995’s level, according to the European Commission’s annual report on CO2 emissions from new cars, published today. In 2003, average new car CO2 emissions were 11.8% below 1995.
Commissioners welcomed the report, but noted that the auto industry will need to make major additional efforts to meet its commitments to cut average CO2 emissions to 140g/km by 2008/9, a reduction of around 25% from 1995 levels.
Road transport generates more than 20% of all CO2 emissions in the EU, with passenger cars being responsible for more than half of these emissions (or about 10%). CO2 emissions from road transport have risen by 22% since 1990, notably due to increases both in the number of cars on the roads as well as in the distances that are driven annually.
Car manufacturers have made continuous and substantial progress since 1995. The situation is not satisfactory. I urge industry to step up their efforts. We expect that industry sticks to its commitments.—Günter Verheugen, Commission Vice-President and Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry
To combat climate change and respect our Kyoto commitments we have to reduce CO2 emissions from transport—a sector whose emissions contribute significantly to overall emissions. I appreciate the efforts of some car manufacturers to market cars that emit less CO2. I urge the car industry to step up its efforts to meet the 140 g of CO2/km target under the voluntary agreement. This will be crucial to achieving the Community objective of 120 g of CO2/km by 2012 at the latest.—Stavros Dimas, Environment Commissioner
If industry does not meet the targets, the Commission will consider taking measures, including legislative ones, to ensure that the necessary CO2 reductions are achieved. Given the current rate of progress, the annual reduction rates will need to reach 3.3% for ACEA and KAMA and 3.5% for JAMA.
|Average New Car CO2 Emissions, 2004|
|ACEA||161||-13%||-1.2%||165-170 in 2003|
|JAMA||170||-13.3%||-1.2%||165-175 in 2003|
|KAMA||168||-14.7%||-6.1%||165-170 in 2004|
The EU strategy to reduce CO2 emissions is relying on separate voluntary commitments by the European, Japanese and Korean car manufacturers’ associations to reduce CO2 emissions from their cars to an average of 140 g/km by 2008 (for European manufacturers) and 2009 (for Japanese and Korean producers). Two other components of the strategy are consumer information (chiefly through fuel efficiency labelling of cars) and fiscal measures to promote the most fuel-efficient cars.
The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association includes: Alfa Romeo, Alpina, Aston Martin, Audi, BMW , Bentley, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Chrysler, Citroen, Daimler, Ferrari., Fiat, Ford, General Motors, Jaguar, Jeep, Lamborghini, Lancia-Autobianchi, Land-Rover, Maserati, Matra, Mcc (Smart), Mercedes-Benz, Mini, Opel, Peugeot, Porsche, Renault, Rolls-Royce, Saab, Seat, Skoda, Vauxhall, Volkswagen and Volvo.
The Japan Automobile Manufacturers’ Association includes: Daihatsu, Honda, Isuzu, Lexus, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Subaru, Suzuki and Toyota.
The Korea Automobile Manufacturers’ Association includes: Daewoo, Hyundai, Kia and Ssangyong.