Kyocera Hits New Record in Solar-Cell Efficiency
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$49 Million in Federal Grants for Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Bus Development; Washington Metro Gets the Largest Chunk

The Federal Transit Administration last week announced $49 million in federal grants for research into multiple aspects of commercializing hydrogen fuel-cell buses.

The FTA selected three non-profit organizations from around the country to receive a share of the funds and to manage the programs: the Center for Transportation and the Environment in Atlanta ($5.75 million), the Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium in Boston ($27.2 million); and Weststart/CALSTART of Pasadena, California ($12 million, earlier post).

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) will receive the largest share of the grant funding, with two awards totalling nearly $14.5 million. Metro and its research partners UTC Power, Shell Hydrogen, Booz Allen Hamilton, and North Eastern Advanced Vehicle Consortium will receive $8.3 million for the development of four hybrid 40-foot hydrogen fuel cell buses. The project involves advanced bus development and in-service evaluation.

Another $6.1 million in grant funds will go toward the development and demonstration of two 40-foot buses—one prototype and one pre-commercial bus —for up to two years and includes research partners Ballard Power Systems, Shell Hydrogen, ISE Corp., New Flyer, Booz Allen Hamilton, and NAVC.

Center for Transportation and the Environment Projects
Title Description Partners Grant
Dual Variable Output Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Validation and Testing Develop battery-dominant 35-foot plug-in hybrid fuel cell bus (Hydrogenics) and demonstrate in Birmingham, Columbia, SC and in cities in CT. Birmingham Jefferson County Transit; CT Transit; Central Midlands RTA; Innovation Drive; Mobile Energy Solutions; Hydrogenics; Sabre Engineering; U. of Alabama Birmingham; Central Alabama Clean Cities; Greater New Haven Clean Cities; Columbia Central Midlands RTA; South Carolina Research Authority; University of South Carolina $5,668,000
Survey and Analysis of Bus Demonstrations Document and analyze bus demonstrations around the world from 2002-2007. Breakthrough Technologies Inst.; PE Europe; Western Australia Dept of Planning & Infrastructure $84,000

Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium Projects
Title Description Partners Grant
WMATA/UTC Power Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Advanced bus development and in-service evaluation of hybrid 40-foot fuel cell buses. Enhanced UTC 120 kW Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell with upgraded seals, catalysts, bipolar plates, balance of plant. Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority (WMATA); UTC Power, Shell Hydrogen, Booz Allen Hamilton $8,355,000
WMATA/Ballard Fuel Cell Bus Program Develop and demonstrate 40-foot buses - one prototype and one pre-commercial bus for up to 2 years. Bus may possibly benefit from similar design to 2010 BC Transit design for Olympics; Next generation Ballard 155 KW automotive fuel cell stack (Mk902) in hybrid configuration with ISE drive ultracapacitors or batteries. Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority (WMATA); Ballard; ISE Corp; New Flyer; Shell Hydrogen; Booz Allen Hamilton $6,120,000
Lightweight Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Develop advanced propulsion system and integrate on mule bus then lightweight bus platform with field evaluation. Ballard Mark 1100 Light Duty fuel cell Module, (75 kW) with ultracapacitors or Lithium-ion batteries. New York Power Authority; GE Research; Ballard; A123 Systems $6,695,000
Massachusetts Hydrogen Fuel Cell Powered Bus Fleet Advanced bus development and in service demonstration. Integrate Nuvera 82 kW fuel cell with drive system from ISE Corp., and advanced energy storage. Demonstration effort includes Nuvera’s novel PowerTap refueling infrastructure. (Earlier post.) Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport); MBTA; Nuvera Fuel Cells; ISE Corp.; Keyspan; AVSG $4,875,000
FTA National Fuel Cell Bus Working Group Support for FTA U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Working Groups and data collection efforts. Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium $500,000
International Fuel Cell Bus Working Group and Workshops Coordinate activities for International Fuel Cell Working Group and collaboration and outreach efforts for international fuel cell bus demonstration efforts. Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium $255,000
International Fuel Cell Bus Workshops Conduct workshop once per year from 2007-2010. Electric Drive Transportation Association $500,000

Weststart-CALSTART Projects
Title Description Partners Grant
American Advanced Fuel Cell Bus Program Design and demonstrate 40-foot fuel cell bus with design improvements; in service evaluation in hot desert climate. SunLine Transit Agency; New Flyer Industries; ISE Corp.; UTC Fuel Cells $8,355,000
Lightweight Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Develop advanced propulsion system and integrate on mule bus then lightweight bus platform with field evaluation. Ballard Mark 1100 Light Duty fuel cell Module, (75 kW) with ultracapacitors or Lithium-ion batteries. New York Power Authority; GE Research; Ballard; A123 Systems $2,832,000
Compound Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus for 2010 Develop 40-foot fuel cell bus with fuel cell auxiliary power unit coupled with diesel engine. Demonstrate for one year at San Francisco MUNI. Small Hydrogenics Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) FC (12KW twin or 16 KW), BAE drive, electrically driven accessories, advanced energy storage. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency; BAE Systems; Hydrogenics; DaimlerChrysler-Orion; Westport Innovations; Lincoln Composites; Engineered Machine Products $5,350,000
AC Transit HyRoad: Commercialization of Fuel Cells for Public Transit Accelerated testing to failure (partial phase 1) of existing fuel cell buses. Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit); SunLine Transit Agency; Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission; UTC Power; ISE Corp.; Van Hool Bus $3,575,000
Hybrid Fuel Cell Power Converter Design and bench-test bi-directional, DC-DC converter for reduced cost, weight, and volume. US Hybrid; ISE Corp.; Hydrogenics; UTC Power $152,550
Integrated Auxiliary Module for Fuel Cell Buses Design, fabricate, and bench test Integrated Auxiliary Module. US Hybrid, integrators (TBD) $138,450

The multimillion dollar national grant announcement was made possible through the National Fuel Cell Bus Technology Development Program, which was part of the recently enacted Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU).


Cheryl Ho

DME developments in China today:
Since DME has an advantage of decomposition at lower temperature than methane and LPG, R&D for hydrogen source for fuel cell has been carried out. DME has a potential of feedstock for chemicals. DME to olefins is under development in Japan.

If you would like to know more on the latest DME developments, join us at upcoming North Asia DME / Methanol conference in Beijing, 27-28 June 2007, St Regis Hotel. The conference covers key areas which include:

DME productivity can be much higher especially if
country energy policies makes an effort comparable to
that invested in increasing supply.
National Development Reform Commission NDRC
Ministry of Energy for Mongolia

Production of DME/ Methanol through biomass
gasification could potentially be commercialized
Shandong University completed Pilot plant in Jinan and
will be sharing their experience.

Advances in conversion technologies are readily
available and offer exciting potential of DME as a
chemical feedstock
By: Kogas, Lurgi and Haldor Topsoe

Available project finance supports the investments
that DME/ Methanol can play a large energy supply role
By: International Finance Corporation

For more information:

Dennis Price

I have a better solution to the fuel cell, I have a engine that runs on air, not compressed air that would need plug in recharge but a self containing and self propulusion unit, no gas, no plug ins, unlimited milage, lithium battery start then my idea takes over, if interested I would sell my idea for 25 million USD or become a partner in production either way we both make money and save by producing no polution. I would make available my idea thru a legal process to protect myself.

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