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India Targets 60 MT of Biodiesel by 2030

7 November 2006

Kerala. India plans to produce 60 million tonnes (MT) of biodiesel per year by 2030, according to President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

Addressing farmers who grow jatropha, President Kalam said during his one-day visit to Chhattisgarh that biodiesel could transform India’s oil scenario.

“Jatropha is a vital tree for bio-diesel, farmers should use only high oil-content quality saplings. They must trim at the right time in the first one year to split the tree in at least in 60 branches so that a single tree can produce 400 grams of seeds in a year,” Kalam said.

He wished the farmers good luck in bring about a bio-diesel revolution in country and said “with limited research so far in bio-diesel sector, India aims to produce six MT of bio-diesel annually by 2010 and 60 MT by 2030.”

Sixty million tonnes is equivalent to approximately 18 billion gallons.

The president urged both the government and private sector majors to accelerate research in bio-fuel sector, as well as related aspects of production, marketing and processing.

November 7, 2006 in Biodiesel, India | Permalink | Comments (6) | TrackBack (0)

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Jatropha agriculture is labor-intensive but India has a huge rural population. According to Wikipedia, a Jatropha field can produce 1600 liters of oil per hectare and year.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jatropha

Quick math:
100p tryglicerides + 8p methanol -> 96p biodiesel + 12p glycerol
=> 60 MT biodiesel implies 62.5MT oil + 5MT methanol. Byproduct is 7.5MT glycerol.

Density of Jatropha oil is 0.916 kg/liter,

http://www.jatropha.de/oil.htm

Ergo, India will need about 430 km^2 of net land area to produce the triglyceride feedstock. Multiply that by a factor ~2 to permit access and ensure full exposure to the sun. This is based on today's Jatropha varieties - a cross-breeding program could improve yields per hectare.

Provided enough water and manure is available, this should be possible. I just hope they won't cut down old growth forests to make room for these monocultures.

At least Jatropha doesn't "mine the soil" in the same way that other crops do. Are their roots deap enough that other plants like berry bushed can be grown underneath?

Too bad Western Australia has banned jatropha as a noxious weed. It grows well here, too well. Dangerous to cattle I believe.

Maybe the austrailian farmers should switch from Wheat to jatropha. it would
save a lot of water after all huge drought is going to in South east of the country.
Still they don't want to sign the kyoto. I guess they could build some desalinization plants powered by coal for the water shortage.

Facts about Jatropha
-----------------
The cost of 1000 jatropha saplings (enough for one acre) in Pakistan is around 5000PKR (equiv to around £50 or just 5p each).
- The cost of 1kg of jatropha seeds in India is 6 Rupees (equiv to around £0.07).
- Each jatropha seedling should be given a 2m x 2m area to grow into.
- 20% of seedlings planted will not survive.
- Jatropha seedlings yield seeds in the first year after plantation.
After the first five years, the typical annual yield of a jatropha tree is 3.5kg of beans.
- Jatropha trees are productive for up to 30-40 years.
- 2,200 trees can be planted per hectare (approx 1,000 per acre).
- 1 hectare should yield around 7 tonnes of seeds per year.
- The oil pressed from 4kg of seeds is needed to make 1 litre of biodiesel.
- 91%+ of the oil can be extracted with cold pressing.
- 1 hectare should yield around 2.2-2.7 tonnes of oil.
One job is created for each 4 hectares of jatropha plantation.
- The average Indian agricultural worker earns less than $40 per month.
- Biodiesel costs around 16-20p per litre to grow and refine in India.
- Glycerol, a biproduct of biodiesel refinement, can be sold in India for around 45-70p per kilogram.
- One hectare of jatropha plantation yields 25,000 Rupees / year (around £300) in India.

The following stats come from D1 Oils - the UK's biggest biodiesel company:
- Crushing 1 tonne of Jatropha seeds costs around $40 (£23).
- 1 tonne of seedcake (the leftovers after pressing) can be sold for $100 (£55).
- The transport costs of shipping 1 tonne of jatropha from India to Northern Europe is $100 (£55).
- The landed cost of 1 tonne of jatropha oil to Northern Europe is between $348 and $500 for oil contents of 29% to 40% (£180 to £260). - Refining jatropha oil into biodiesel costs less than $125 (£65) per tonne.

- Filtered jatropha oil can be used as is in many diesel vehicles (as SVO) with only small modifications required to the engine.
- Jatropha oil can be used as a kerosene substitute for heating and lamps.
- Jatropha oil burns with a clear smokeless flame.

i want to know cost of undi biodiesel, kokum biodiesel & jatropha biodiesel in india

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