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Tier 2 Bin 5 Diesel Jetta Makes its US Debut; Available in 2008

Volkswagen of America unveiled its cleanest diesel yet for the US, the Jetta TDI, at the Washington, D.C. Auto Show. (Earlier post.) The new clean diesel, which meets the 50-state EPA Tier 2 Bin 5 / CA LEV II emissions standard, will be available to the US market in the spring of 2008.

The 2.0-liter diesel develops 103 kW (140 hp) of power. The Jetta TDI—one of VW’s first BLUETEC products—uses a lean NOx trap to reduce NOx emissions by up to 90% percent instead of using urea Selective Catalytic Reduction.

The engine management system in the Jetta changes operating modes periodically to treat the NOx that has been stored in the catalytic converter. A particulate filter in the exhaust system further reduces emissions.

The goal of the BLUETEC initiative of Audi, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen is to establish the concept of BLUETEC as a uniform label for clean and highly fuel efficient diesel-powered cars and SUVs with 50-state compliant engines. Technologies individually developed by each manufacturer serve to reduce NOx in particular.

For car models of the Passat class and smaller, Volkswagen is proposing its new lean NOx trap catalytic converter. At λ of greater than 1, NOx is captured and stored; at λ less than 1, NOx is released and reduced. Ultra low-sulfur fuel is a necessity, and fuel consumption will increase as a result of catalytic converter regeneration.

Larger and heavier models feature urea Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalytic converter (continuous) with the use of an aqueous solution such as AdBlue, transported in an additional tank made from stainless steel or plastic.

Another VW BLUETEC clean diesel—the Tiguan compact SUV—will also be available in the US in 2008.

Comments

John

I can only hope that the Passat will be offered with a diesel and DSG in about the same time frame..

fyi CO2

When will MPG figures stated? estimated pricing?

er

I have the Passat 2.0TDI stationwagon with DSG. Mileage figures have been around 5 liters/100 kms in hwy, around 6,5 in city driving (which I do really little because parking is a pain in the ... here, I rather walk or take the bus or metro). So, about 47 MPG in hwy, 36 in city. The numbers are according to the on-board computer. My Passat is the non-Bluetec version.

DHofmann

I just read a report that said the true cost of gasoline (after you factor in all the subsidies) is $15.14 per gallon.

Just charge that. We'll hit the 20% goal (and then some) literally overnight. And probably also fix the budget deficit.

DHofmann

Oops, sorry, wrong thread.

anon

Yessir, here come the diesels. All you anti-diesel wingnut losers can SUCK IT DOWN! This goes out to all of you, Andrey, Willemsen, George, all of you: MUWAHAHAHAHAHA! :D

Cervus

My next car will be either running biodiesel, or a next-gen hybrid. I'd like to know what the MPG figures on this will be. That it doesn't use AdBlue is a plus.

Doug

I think the EU version of this Diesel is 170 hp. Thats quite a hit for the small NO2 gains.

Richard

Isn't it funny all that mess with the Blue-Tec Diesels?

Not only that this type of diesel fuel required is not yet available (US) nationwide (<10 ppm Sulphur as maximum content; current US diesel has up to 500 ppm). Also these "super-clean" diesels don't meet the Californian standards (ie can not be sold in the stated which adopted these standards), and will - as stated - consume more fuel due to higher backpressure and catalyst regeneration.

From a CO2 perspective, I doubt that such an engine will have a smaller footprint than an ordenary gasoline engine. Of course, shifting consumption to diesel might be a good thing from an economic point of view, as the US would then no longer need to buy refined gasoline on EU markets, and the EU buying diesel on US markets (and then de-sulphurizing it).

Of course, the US will import the carciogenc soot issue with these diesels, as the finer particles will penetrate deeper into the lung, with higher chances of causing cancer...

In the end, diesel might end up with an even higher net cost here in the EU - hopefully at such an extent, that not even the heavy subsidies (tax breaks) on diesel fuel will hide the fact, that it's already more costly than gasoline.

Of course, running a diesel engine with Veggie oil (*not* biodiesel) would be a benefit, but then again, there just ain't enough oil crops for sustained mobility by such means... (And, of course, diesel engines right now - especially the ever more highly sophisticated ones - can not run un-modified veggie oil; old-style, pre-chamber, non-turbo diesels can run on almost anything; but then, you also don't really care what's being exhausted from those engines...

Neil

I have a concern with diesel. With greater use of diesel for the light vehicle sector (in large part frivolous usage) does that not put pressure on diesel prices for our transportation and farming sectors (vital). The last thing I want in an oil crunch is some rich jerk in a diesel SUV driving up the cost of diesel for our farmers.

Having said that it seems easier to produce biodiesel than biobutanol.

Alex Pine

"Also these "super-clean" diesels don't meet the Californian standards"

"The new clean diesel, which meets the 50-state EPA Tier 2 Bin 5 / CA LEV II emissions standard, will be available to the US market in the spring of 2008."

what are your data sources?
if you don't like diesels, what do you like?

Brian

Richard, the whole point of the T2B5 compliance is that this vehicle will meet the requirements for ALL 50 STATES. It is the current model (an example of which I own) that does not meet the requirements of the CARB states.

By the time this vehicle is on sale, substantially all of US on-road diesel fuel will be ULSD. It is already all ULSD here in Canada, but the US dragged its feet. No doubt the initial sketchy availability of ULSD has something to do with this engine not being available until 2008.

Carcinogenic soot? The Bluetec system includes a particulate trap. I have heard reports that the exhaust coming out the tailpipe has less particulate in it than the air going in the engine air intake. Mercedes did a demonstration of holding a white napkin at the tailpipe of their E320CDI Bluetec. It remains white. This will be simply a non-issue. By the way, gasoline engines emit extremely small particulate, too ...

And how is the CO2 footprint of an engine that uses ~40% less fuel going to be equal to that of a gasoline engine? YES the diesel fuel contains ~10% more carbon, but it doesn't offset the fuel consumption improvement. My 2006 Jetta TDI PD (without Bluetec - No de-nox catalyst and no particulate filter) uses around 5.2 - 5.5 L/100 km during normal driving. The gasoline version uses 9 ~ 10 L/100 km.

Why the statement "vegetable oil and *not* biodiesel"? I do not understand it. The main ingredient in the biodiesel "recipe" is vegetable oil. The second ingredient is (usually) methanol, which is currently made from natural gas, but still it is ~75% biofuel. And, you can use biodiesel in the newer diesel engines without trouble. I do. I have B20 (20% biodiesel) in the tank right now. I run B100 in the summer, but can't do that in winter ...

dsl987

Neil

Us refineries produce an excess of diesel that is currently shipped to Europe. If we start using more at home we can just stop exporting the excess, plus refineries can be tuned to produce more diesel if needed.

Schmeltz

VW, if you are listening, please offer diesels in all of your models. Jetta Diesel: nice to have you back old friend!

W.Heath

Voltswagen, please get off the Oil Company bandwagon and produce an efficient Diesel Engine for high frequency generators for series hybrids like the Volt, in the 13-50 kw region needed. A standard small commuter car series hybrid only needs a 13 kw generator, and efficiencies of over 100 mpg are quite possible with wheel motors. The engine only needs to supply the average power needs of the vehicle (typically energy required at 60 mph) and does not have acceleration or torque requirements and pollution controls are more simple due to the constant rpm.

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