The United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), composed of DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company and General Motors Corporation, recently issued a request for proposal information (RFPI) for advanced high-performance battery development for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle (PHEV) applications.
In collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), USABC will award contracts to selected developers that have electrochemical energy storage technologies capable of meeting or approaching USABC’s performance, weight, life-cycle and price criteria, plus near- and long-term technical readiness goals for high power-to-energy-ratio and high energy-to-power-ratio batteries, respectively.
The USABC solicitation is part of the DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program and is part of a cost-shared solicitation for PHEV battery development announced earlier this year.
USABC is a consortium of the USCAR. Supported by a cooperative agreement with the DOE that provides up to 50 percent of the USABC budget, USABC’s mission is to develop electrochemical energy storage technologies that support commercialization of fuel cell, hybrid and electric vehicles.
All developers submitting proposals will be required to demonstrate that they have the potential to develop commercially viable business, which can produce sufficient volumes to meet automotive requirements, and provide engineering and testing support to meet automotive implementation requirements.
At the time of submittal, all developers will be required to have demonstration hardware and test results available for USABC inspection.
|USABC Goals for Advanced Batteries for PHEVs|
Requirements at End of Life (EOL)
|Characteristics at EOL||High Power/Energy|
|Reference Equivalent Range||miles||10||40|
|Peak Pulse Discharge Power - 2s / 10s||kW||50 / 45||46 / 38|
|Peak Regen Pulse Power (10 sec)||kW||30||25|
|Available Energy for CD
(charge depleting) mode, 10 kW rate
|Available Energy for CS
(charge sustaining) mode
|Minimum Round-trip Energy Efficiency (USABC HEV cycle)||%||90||90|
|Cold cranking power at -30°C, 2s - 3 Pulses||kW||7||7|
|CD Life /Discharge Throughput||Cycles/MWh||5,000 / 17||5,000 / 58|
|CS HEV Cycle Life, 50 Wh Profile||Cycles||300,000||300,000|
|Calendar Life, 35°C||year||15||15|
|Maximum System Weight||kg||60||120|
|Maximum System Volume||Liter||40||80|
|Maximum Operating Voltage||Vdc||400||400|
|Minimum Operating Voltage||Vdc||>0.55 x Vmax||>0.55 x Vmax|
|System Recharge Rate at 30°C||kW||1.4 (120V/15A)||1.4 (120V/15A)|
|Unassisted Operating & Charging Temperature Range||°C||-30 to +52||-30 to +52|
|Survival Temperature Range||°C||-46 to +66||-46 to +66|
|Maximum System Production Price
@ 100k units/yr