|Algae ponds the size of Maryland would be able to supply the world’s aviation fleet with bio-jet fuel according to a Boeing/NASA study. Click to enlarge.|
AlgoDyne’s Brazilian office, to be located in Aracaju-SE Brazil, will lead planned algae-based bio-kerosene projects with airlines, as well as integrating the company’s processes through joint ventures with several of Brazil’s states. Prof. Franke will also be responsible for establishing a planned nursery of jatropha plants and the development of a pilot plant for ethanol production with algae in 2007.
From airlines to industry, Brazil is an example of how the mass consumer market has embraced alternative fuels and energy. It represents for AlgoDyne, the opportunity to market and research its products with key global players and then export these technologies, products and knowledge to North America and Europe for market distribution.—Prof. Franke
In September 2006, Brazilian biofuel company Tecbio announced that it was working with NASA and Boeing to develop a bio-kerosene aviation fuel, which Boeing is calling Bio-Jet fuel. Tecbio first developed the vegetable-oils-based aviation fuel for in 1980.
A flight test was carried out in 1984 with 100% bio-kerosene which the company called Prosene, in a Bandeirante aircraft (manufactured by Brazil’s Embraer, a company that also developed a small ethanol-powered airplane). The pilot successfully flew the craft for 600 kilometers from São José dos Campos—Brazil’s aircraft manufacturing hub—to the capital Brasilia. With the low oil prices of the time, however, the project was abandoned. Rising prices have rekindled interest.
We are starting to resurrect bio-kerosene ... the scenario today is different.—Expedito Parente, Tecbio President
At the time, Parente said that he expected to get the new version of the fuel patented in 2008.
In order to be viable in the commercial aviation industry, bio-fuels need to overcome several technical hurdles. However, the task is not insurmountable, and there is no single issue making bio-fuel unfit for aviation use. Bio-fuels need to be developed and have to be especially tailored for jet aircraft applications, which we term as “bio-jet.”
...One promising feedstock is algae...With the potential for algae of providing 10,000 gal/acre/year, some 85 billion gallons of bio-jet could be produced on a landmass equivalent to the size of the US state of Maryland. Moreover, if these bio-jet fuels were fully compatible with legacy aircraft, it would be sufficient to supply the present world’s fleet with 100 percent of their fuel needs as well into the future.—“Alternate Fuels for use in Commercial Aircraft”
Alternative Fuels in Commercial Aviation: The Need, the Approach, Progress (Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative