|Greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion in the European transport sector, 1990-2005. Click to enlarge.|
Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) decreased between 2004 and 2005, according to the final version of the annual GHG inventory report of the European Community prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA), in Copenhagen.
EEA submitted the report, Annual European Community Greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2005 and inventory report 2007, to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as the European Community’s official submission. The EEA had released the main, preliminary messages of the report in May 2007 because of public and political interest in the issue of climate change. (Earlier post.)
The key points of the final report are:
EU-15: Emissions of GHGs decreased by 0.8% (35.2 million tonnes CO2 equivalents) between 2004 and 2005—mainly due to decreasing CO2 emissions of 0.7% (26 million tonnes).
EU-15: Emissions of GHGs decreased by 2.0% in 2005 compared to the base year under the Kyoto Protocol. The base year for most greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol is 1990 for the EU-15, but almost all Member States use 1995 as the base year for fluorinated or ‘F-gases’
EU-15: Emissions of GHGs decreased by 1.5% between 1990 and 2005.
EU-27: Emissions of GHGs decreased by 0.7% (37.9 million tonnes CO2 equivalents) between 2004 and 2005.
EU-27: Emissions of GHGs decreased by 7.9% compared to 1990 levels.
|Greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion in the transport sector, 2004 to 2005, by country. Click to enlarge.|
In absolute terms, the main sectors contributing to emissions reductions between 2004 and 2005 in the EU-15 were public electricity and heat production, households and services, and road transport.
CO2 emissions from public electricity and heat production decreased by 0.9% (-9.6 million tonnes) mainly due to a reduction in the reliance on coal.
CO2 emissions from households and services decreased by 1.7 % (7.0 million tonnes). Important decreases in emissions from household and services were reported by Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. One general reason for the decrease is the warmer weather conditions (milder winter) compared to the previous year.
CO2 emissions from road transport decreased by 0.8% (6 million tonnes). This is mainly attributed to Germany, and is due to increased amounts of diesel oil driven cars, the effects of the eco-tax and fuel buying from outside Germany (fuel tourism).
Spain increased greenhouse gas emissions the most between 2004 and 2005, with a rise of 3.6% or 15.4 million tonnes CO2 equivalents coming mainly from public electricity and heat production. This is due to a rise in electricity generation from fossil thermal power stations (17 %) and a decrease in electricity generation from hydropower plants (-33 %).
Other EU-15 countries which saw emissions increase between 2004 and 2005 are: Austria, Greece, Ireland, Italy and Portugal.
The EU-15 has a common target under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce total greenhouse gas emissions by 8%, compared to the base year. The EU-27 does not have a common Kyoto target. Official reporting of emissions for compliance purposes under the Kyoto Protocol does not begin until 2010—when emissions will be reported for the year 2008. In the meantime, this report is the most relevant and accurate source of information on greenhouse gas emissions for the EU.
This inventory report suggests that domestic emissions of GHGs decreased by approximately 2.0% compared to the base year under the Kyoto Protocol.