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Iran Mandating Shift to Manufacturing Natural Gas Vehicles

6 July 2007

PRESSTV. Iran’s Ministry for Industry and Mines has set new rules for Iranian automakers to shift from gasoline to CNG as the fuel for their cars.

Iran’s deputy minister for production called for automakers to list the project on their five-year plans. He also called for the use of CNG/gasoline hybrid buses.

Iran Khodro Company (IKCO) is beginning the production of dual-fuel gasoline-compressed natural gas cars in late July. IKCO is the largest vehicle manufacturer in Iran and the Middle East, and builds cars and commercial vehicles for domestic use and for export. (Earlier post.)

(A hat-tip to John!)

July 6, 2007 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (12) | TrackBack (0)

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Comments

Nice move.

As the production of Light Crude Oil declines, the price of Gasolene (Petrol) also increases and soon many coutries like Indonesia, Mexico may be cutting down on Gasolene subsidies.

Move to CNG is very good, they can target moving Buses & Trucks to LNG as well.

http://www.iangv.org/content/view/17/35
6.3 million + CNG powered vehicles are in use Worldwide.
3 countries have 1,000,000 + vehicles
9 countries have 100,000 + vehicles
15 countries have 10,000 + vehicles

What is the tank to wheels efficiency of CNG?

Compared to gasolene supplied thru Trucks, the nat-gas supplied thru pipelines should have better efficiency.

Also the gasolene prices will continue to increase in the future. It has happened in many countries including USA.

CNG vehicles have around 25% lower well to wheels than gasoline. In Iran its probably more like 40% because the gas is already in the country but the gasoline has to be shipped in.

Maybe EU companies should pay Iran to shift its transport to CNG because of all the CO2 saved. This is a highly efficient way of reducing overall global warming emissions.

"CNG vehicles have around 25% lower well to wheels than gasoline"

May be this is compared to light crude oil, but thats declining and medium & heavy crude and sands oil is becoming more common. So compared to the overall mix, CNG may be more efficient, also the latest CNG tanks may have more compression & volume and may improve the scale.

If Iran could convert all their vehicles to Bi-Fueled, then Qatar could immediately follow, and then other small countries like Sweden, Singapore, Malaysia can follow.

Neil, here's one study that purports to answer your question. Others are available, as well.

http://www.eere.energy.gov/cleancities/conference/2004/pdfs/herwick_gm.pdf

Rather than an oil company based study, look at an independent one, EU funded, shows big benefit of CNG

http://ies.jrc.ec.europa.eu/wtw.html

I am living in Iran ,we have shifted fuel from petrol to cng since a few years ago due to importing petrol ,and subceeding petrol by government ,now here ,the price of one litre of petrol is 100us cent.
while cng in Iran is plenty and cheap . the ant most import problems are reducing power 25% up to 30% to wheels ,and inadequate capasity of tank which is enough just for a hundred km drive . and shortage of gas station .

Iran has plenty of oil, but no refineries. This means that they have to import all their gasoline. Putting sanctions on their gasoline is a way to pressure them to stop their nuclear development. Going to CNG is a way to get around this. This seems good for their dictator, but bad for the world.

As a side note, I was shocked recently to find that the US imports a lot of gasoline, because we haven't built a new refinery for 30 years. That imported gas is expensive and part of the cause of our high gas prices.

Iran does refine crude to petrol, but like the US they are a net importer. Iran has the cheapest petrol in the world (as the cheap price is enshrined in the 1980 constitution) and as a result is one of the highest consumers per capita. This in turn causes severe air pollution in large cities that on some occasions causes the local authorities to close all government buildings and educational establishments on days when the smog reaches danger levels. In order to try to reduce air pollution the government has had to take serious action including building and subsidising major public transport developments, issuing every driver with a petrol rationing smart-card and promoting cleaner fuels. Iran has never been in the situation where petrol imports could possibly be affected and the CNG program predates the international political issues surrounding its nuclear program.

Iran does refine crude to petrol, but like the US they are a net importer. Iran has the cheapest petrol in the world (as the cheap price is enshrined in the 1980 constitution) and as a result is one of the highest consumers per capita. This in turn causes severe air pollution in large cities that on some occasions causes the local authorities to close all government buildings and educational establishments on days when the smog reaches danger levels. In order to try to reduce air pollution the government has had to take serious action including building and subsidising major public transport developments, issuing every driver with a petrol rationing smart-card and promoting cleaner fuels. Iran has never been in the situation where petrol imports could possibly be affected and the CNG program predates the international political issues surrounding its nuclear program.

Iran have several refineries (Abadan, Shiraz, Bandar Abbas, Tehran, Tabriz, Arak, Esfahan etc.) and they produced 40% of the petrol used in Iran before the rationing. Now after the rationing the import of petroleum is less than 60% but I'm not sure how much.

The move to use CNG in Iran is very good. But they need to build more CNG stations.

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