|Volvo Flexifuel system for the 2.5FT S80. Click to enlarge.|
Volvo will introduce a new five-cylinder, 2.5-liter turbocharged Flexifuel engine with a power output of 200 hp (149 kW) in the Volvo V70 and S80 during the first half of 2008. Both models will also be available sooner with a 2.0-liter Flexifuel engine.
This will bring to five the number of Volvo models—the Volvo C30, S40, V50, V70 and S80—available with one or two Flexifuel engines.
Flexifuel variants of the Volvo V70 and S80 will be available by the end of 2007 powered by a four-cylinder, 2.0-liter naturally aspirated engine. The 2.0F has been modified for E85 and produces 145 hp (107 kW) and 185 Nm (136 lb-ft) of torque. The Flexifuel variants of the Volvo S40, V50 and C30 have a four-cylinder 1.8-liter naturally aspirated engine, the 1.8F, which produces 125 hp (92 kW) and 165 Nm (122 lb-ft) of torque.
Flexifuel has considerable potential in larger models too. That is why we plan to continuously expand the implementation of this technology over the coming years. It’s a move that is being driven by the extended availability of biofuels throughout Europe. Biofuel standardization and guidelines for sustainable production within the EU would make the fuel’s development even smoother.—Lex Kerssemakers, Senior Vice President Brand, Business and Product Strategy at Volvo Cars
Modifications for E85 include:
Fuel hoses, valves and gaskets have been adapted to handle ethanol's more corrosive properties.
The injection valves have been reinforced and designed for E85 as more fuel is injected into the engine—necessary since the energy content of E85 is lower than that of gasoline.
The on-board software is calibrated for E85. The engine management system automatically senses the current blend of fuel in the tank and optimizes the combustion process accordingly.
|Fuel consumption (EU combined) Running E85|
|* Preliminary figure.|
Volvo sells its flexfuel cars in Sweden, France, Norway, Finland, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Spain, Britain, Ireland, Belgium and Switzerland. The company plans to introduce Flexifuel cars in more countries across Europe. In total, Volvo Cars expects to sell 10,000 cars with this technology in 2007.