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India Developing Mandatory Fuel Economy Standards

14 October 2007

Times of India. The government of India is developing mandatory fuel-efficiency standards for all classes and types of vehicles, including cars, scooters, bikes, trucks, buses and three-wheelers.

In India, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is the statutory authority that will implement the fuel economy standards. BEE recently appointed the Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA)—an autonomous research body under the Union ministry of petroleum and natural gas, and responsible for fuel conservation measures in different sectors—as the technical advisory body for setting these standards.

The sale of passenger cars in India has seen a growth of over 100 per cent in the last five years alone. As demonstrated by several players like Maruti and Hyundai, India is a large market for small cars. The entry of cheap cars implies a huge social cost. An increasing number of vehicles means greater consumption of petrol and increasing greenhouse gas emissions.

The Mashelkar committee’s recommendation of 2002 has failed to get auto manufacturers to adhere to voluntary fuel-efficiency standards. Once in place, the norms could help India reduce its dependence on oil imports as well as cut down pollution. The rules must cover all kinds of fossil fuel users. Fuel guzzlers like SUVs must be discouraged, and they indeed will be with the implementation of the efficiency standards.

—Times of India editorial

In 2002, a committee under the chairmanship of R. A. Mashelkar, the Director General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial research (CSIR) (Mashelkar Committee) drafted a national auto fuel policy.

Domestic sales of all categories of vehicles in India increased 93% from 2001-02 to 2006-07, climbing from a total 5,225,788 to 10,109,037 units, according to the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers. Sales of passenger cars during the same period increased 111%, rising from 507,088 to 1,076,408 units.

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India has completely dumped aforestation measures to tackle the issues pertaining to pollution. Cities are becoming metros and forests and agriculture land is fast getting converted into concrete jungles. The Government should immediately implement afforestation by
1. plant one tree on sale of each new car and vehicle.or charge premium on manufacturer & non corrupt govt bodies should take this potential responsibility to plant & maintain trees.(Ultimately the manufacturer is the point of contributor of these green house gases by producing each car. i.e., value addition)
2. charge premium on maintenance of these trees on insurance premium say for 2- 3 years. By this way Manufacturer and consumer have a equal contribution on protection of environment.

But please ban production of two stroke automobiles.

Bangalore two stroke auto pollution is pathetic.

You see only blue smoke in city. and gas smell

Daniel,

Do not ban 2 strokes, the technology is there to make them clean.

India's Bajaj is a licensee of Orbital Engines Air Assisted Direct Injection technology and has 2 wheelers in production.

Bajaj also expanded their license for CNG and LPG. whether that is 2 or 4 stroke remains to be seen, but here is a copy from NGV:


Source - NGV Global
Monday, 18 September 2006

Australia, Perth

Orbital Corporation Limited and Bajaj Auto Ltd, India have announced an expansion of their licensing arrangements to cover compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquid petroleum gas (LPG) applications. In May 2004, the parties announced a Technical Cooperation Agreement that will see Orbital's fuel injection technology applied to Bajaj's autorickshaw three wheeler vehicles. That agreement was directed to gasoline fuelled applications and this new arrangement will enable the addition of two new gaseous models to the three wheeler range.

In support of this expanded arrangement Orbital and Bajaj have initiated a new comprehensive engineering program to introduce the technology on these two new models.

Bajaj, based in Pune, is one of India's largest producers of two and three wheelers and dominates the autorickshaw market segment in Asia. The Indian market is increasingly emissions conscious with more stringent emissions standards introduced in 2005 and further strengthening happening in 2010. The market is also very fuel economy conscious and Orbital says their direct injection technology provides significantly improved fuel economy and vehicle operating costs, in addition to fuel flexibility.

The expansion of the Technical Cooperation Agreement to cover CNG & LPG applications will provide Bajaj with the ability to satisfy the burgeoning market for gaseous powered vehicles. India is making significant investments in the CNG & LPG delivery infrastructure and has mandated the exclusive use of CNG fuel for Commercial Vehicles in the city of Delhi.

Bajaj is currently conducting pilot fleet manufacture and field trials of its Orbital direct injection gasoline powered autorickshaws.

Oil production peaked in late 2005 at the latest. Just as production declines are now really starting to bite ($88 plus per barrel now) India and Russia are starting to go car crazy. Crazy is what it is. India - you must be ruthless and set meaningful fuel efficiency standards. 4l/100km at least for passenger cars. Plenty of production cars meet that today and you must adopt European emissions regulations, with MOT testing that incorporates emissons controls.

Furthermore, India must prioritise electric propulsion. Electric is the only viable propulsion of the future. Set up a Zinc industry, producing Zn from solar thermal (very cheap) and producing electrons in ZnAir fuel cells and rechargeable batteries in the vehicles. Metallic Power system gives 10 minutes recharge (liquid Zn / electrolyte slurry). You have the chance to create an infrastructure from scratch - do it with a viable, renewable, clean infrastructure.

May the glories of the Rama Empire rise again!

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