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US and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation

Chang’an Automobile Begins Production of Mild-Hybrid Jie Xun

The Jie Xun hybrid.

Chang’an Automobile—China’s fourth-largest automaker and partner of Ford Motor and Suzuki Motor, has begun production of the mild-hybrid Jie Xun mini wagon. The hybrid is the first in production in China featuring all-domestic hybrid drive system technology, developed under the auspices of the China Ministry of Science and Technology’s Project 863.

Six years in development, the Jie Xun hybrid offers functions such as start/stop, power assistance and regenerative braking, and reduces fuel consumption by more than 20% compared with a comparable conventional vehicle, according to Xu Liuping, president of Chang’an Automobile.

The company will donate ten of the hybrids to the upcoming 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

Among the technologies Chang’an developed for the hybrid are:

  • An new engine system with variable intake and variable compression ratio.

  • An ISG electric motor and control system.

  • Battery and management system.

  • A hybrid control unit, developed in cooperation with TNO Company (The Netherlands).

  • Transmission.

  • Information display system.

  • Power electronics.

  • A test platform for hybrid powertrains.

In addition to continuing its work with hybrid technology, Chang’an plans to focus on hydrogen, all-electric and biofuel vehicle research. The company said that it plans to invest 4 billion yuan (US$543 million) over the next three years for research and development.



Good move for Chinese industry, they really need to learn from our mistakes. I find it surprising that China isn't mandating a CAFE type of mileage standard, but at 40+ mpg equivalent with significant incentives for BEVs. Their roads are jammed with cars and they import almost all of their oil, and their auto fleet is growing at an incredible pace. But if they did encourage BEVs, it would just make the pollution worse in the short term because their energy supply is mainly coal. The pollution is so bad that you can see and feel the air in Beijing, it is like walking in a sandstorm on a bad pollution day.
I hope they build a ton of the new, safer nukes, otherwise their air is just going to get worse.

Max Reid

Its a Hybrid = More Mileage
Its a Hatch = More Space.

20 % increase in mileage is good enough, they have to bring it to US to compete with Prius.

I am sure, it may cost < $15,000.
They already make millions of Electric Scooters.
But, let it succeed in China first.


Recent videos of Chinese vehicle crash tests on "you tube" really show problems with safety of many vehicles. I'm sure that these problems can be fixed with different engineering, but for now I think it would be quite a big barrier to entry for Chinese cars in the US market. Great on the increase in hybrid tech though, and I hope it reduces the thirst for more oil.


Hope it's not out of the price range of the average Chinese car buyer.

Jim G.

I guess as I read this I'm beginning to come around to seeing why so many of these fuel economy arguments end up with people on the one hand urging some sacrifice for conservation and efficiency while on the other people decrying what they perceive as arbitrary restrictions on freedom.

I read when I was young that Mao feared if China industrialized, the population was so vast there would be no full employment, and this was part of the reasoning for what was then a nation on bicycles, not cars. How wrong he was. Yet this didn't come without cost-- an environmental disaster looms if every Chinese were to drive a Prius to work (let alone a Hummer). And that's just transport-- consider the fridge and the a/c!

The solutions we are going to want, at the end of the day, are going to be the techologies that permit us to develop sustainably. I've not been to China, but I hope they are learning from our mistakes; when I see all this steel and all these big engines sending one human being down the road, I do wonder how we Americans ever convinced ourselves this was more desirable than mass transit and more efficient urban layout. The Chinese mustn't follow our lead into that. What's more, we've got to realize there's a better way. Yet, if that solution requires people have a change of heart, make different choices because they sincerely want different things, I don't know how we're going to get there. I don't think enough people are yet aware of the collective risks we are taking.


Developping car industry (even hybbrid) in china is a recipe for a global distaster. The problem is that modern societies are addicted to cars, the reason why it is a bit too long to debate here but that's a fact. Is there alternative solutions ? absolutely, a combination of public transportations and bicycle and a few cars for taxi and professionnal services. But addiction is a terrible disease that can't be cured by logical reasoning...


It is always amusing to see someone with a country full of polluting technologies trying keep people of different races and religions from acquiring the same. Always do as we say and not as we do.

China needs to take the lead in greener and greenest technology. The whole world will benefit from that.

I would have preferred that the US have the lead on this but almost all the politicians here are wholly owned subsidiaries of big energy.

Harvey D

Hope that China and India will have a wiser approach to personnal transportation than USA and Canada.

Three + ICE vehicles per Chinese and Indian family would raise their per capita GHG from 3 and 1.5 tonnes to about 11 and 9.5 tonnes respectively. That would be about 50% of the current USA-Canada level and barely the average current European level.

We don't have much ground to complain until they reach 20 + tonnes per capita or we reduce our our by 80%. That is not for tomorrow.


"Hope it's not out of the price range of the average Chinese car buyer."

800 million Chinese live in rural poverty. There are 100 million that live a relatively affluent life in some cities.

China used to have only 2 million vehicles registered a short while ago and this number has exceeded 20 million now in a short time. When they get to 200 million, we should see quite a demand for fuel.

This is yet another good reason to help developing nations get the latest and most efficient vehicles. If only for the developed world's indirect self interest, keeping fuel prices from completely going off the charts and slowing economic growth.

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