European Automobile Production Grows by 5.3% in 2007; Diesel Accounts for 53.3% of New Car Registrations
|Diesel share of new car registrations in Western Europe, 1990-2007. Click to enlarge.|
Automotive production from the European motor vehicle industry in the EU27 grew 5.3% in 2007, reaching nearly 19.7 million vehicles (passenger cars, trucks and buses), according to the ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers Association) winter Economic Report.
Diesel-powered cars accounted for 53.3% of total new car registrations in Western Europe in 2007, up from 13.8% in 1990. Luxembourg (77.2%), Belgium (77%), France (73.9%) and Spain (70.9%) had the highest diesel share of new car registrations in 2007. The share of 4x4s has increased steadily as well, rising from 2.6% in 1990 to 9.9% in 2009.
|Average new passenger car engine displacement and power in Western Europe, 1990-2007. Click to enlarge.|
The average displacement for passenger car engines in Western Europe has flattened somewhat over the past few years, but increased from 1,733cc in 2006 to 1,740 cc in 2007. The highest average to date was 1,745cc in 2004. Average power has been increasing steadily, and reached 87 kW in 2007.
Passenger cars accounted for 87% of the production, an increase of 5.5% compared to 2006. A particularly solid growth was noted in the truck sector (+15%) thanks to a booming demand on the European markets. The production of light commercial vehicles also went up (+2%) whereas the production of buses declined by 24%. New EU member states posted a 25.2% growth in automotive production and accounted for 15% of total EU motor vehicle production and 17% of passenger car production by the end of 2007.
Demand for new vehicles in Europe remained on an upward trend (+1.8%) in 2007 mainly thanks to mounting new passenger car registrations in the new member states, demand in which grew 13.9% , compared to Western Europe’s 0.2% increase. The year saw a 6.8% growth in truck registrations. The European market ended the year with 7.1% more vans, 5.1% trucks over 3.5 tonnes and 4.4% more buses and coaches registered.
In 2006, there were 251 million vehicles on the European roads according to the latest ANFAC (Spanish Automobile Association) report. The few new EU members missing in the report account for around 10 million additional cars. Passenger cars represent 88% (230 million) of all the vehicles on the European roads. The European car fleet is highly concentrated in five main markets (Germany, Italy, France, UK and Spain) and is characterized by a high diesel penetration (30%).
In terms of car density, the ratio of cars to population was 0.5 in Western Europe with every second citizen owing a car. In Eastern Europe this figure is one out of five. On the mature and saturated West European market, car demand stems mainly from replacement whereas in the new EU Members there is still large room for new customers.
The EU as an entity is the world’s largest vehicle producer. Of the 50 million cars produced globally, one third are manufactured in the EU. More than 80% of the 15.96 million cars registered in Europe in 2007 were produced by the ACEA members: BMW Group, DAF Trucks, Daimler, FIAT, Ford of Europe, General Motors Europe, MAN Nutzfahrzeuge, Porsche, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Renault, Scania, Toyota Motor Europe, Volkswagen and Volvo.