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May 2008

May 31, 2008

Study: Even Low Levels of Air Pollution May Pose Stroke Risk, Current Standards May Be Insufficient

Short-term exposure to low levels of particulate air pollution may increase the risk of stroke or mini-stroke, according to findings by a University of Michigan team that suggest current exposure standards could be insufficient to protect the public. The study suggests future research on ambient air pollution and stroke is warranted.

The study examined particulate air pollution in a southeast Texas community where there is a large petroleum and petrochemical industry presence. In the study, researchers identified ischemic strokes and transient ischemic attacks (TIA)—sometimes called mini-strokes—but that often lead to a stroke later. Ischemic attacks are caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain by a blood clot.


May 31, 2008 in Emissions | Permalink | Comments (7) | TrackBack

South Africa to Introduce Electric Vehicles

People’s Daily. South African-designed battery-electric passenger vehicles will be unveiled by early next year. The development of the prototype involves a range of stakeholders, including South African universities and industry.


May 31, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (11) | TrackBack

Seattle Mayor Introduces City’s First PHEV

Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels unveiled the first of four converted plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) the city of Seattle will test over the next year. (Earlier post.)


May 31, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (3) | TrackBack

Mercedes-Benz Actros Takes Guinness Record For Most-Efficient Series-Production Truck

The Mercedes-Benz Actros trailer/tractor combination has entered the Guinness World Records as the most fuel-efficient 40-tonne truck, with fuel consumption of 19.44 liters of diesel per 100 km— the equivalent less than 0.8 liters per hundred tonne-kilometers (tkm)—during a test drive of more than 12,728 kilometers.


May 31, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (11) | TrackBack

Poll: 64% of UK Motorists Put Fuel Economy as Top Consideration For New Car

Almost two-thirds of UK motorists say fuel economy is the number one priority when buying a new car, according to a new survey by Motorpoint, the UK’s leading car supermarket group. The poll found that 64% of people regarded fuel economy as the key consideration when changing their vehicle—a clear indication, according to Motorpoint, that the escalating cost of fuel is having a direct effect of people’s buying behavior.


May 31, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (14) | TrackBack

May 30, 2008

Michigan Research Alliance Funds Thermoelectric Power Generation and Cellulosic Ethanol Projects

The University Research Corridor (URC), an alliance of Michigan State University, the University of Michigan and Wayne State University—Michigan’s three research universities—has awarded its first seed fund grants to provide startup support for two “revolutionary but feasible” energy projects: thermoelectric power generation and nano-biocarriers for the production of low-cost cellulosic ethanol. The URC provosts selected the two projects from 13 proposals.

A three-year $523,282 award went to a collaboration of all three universities for the development of bulk thermoelectric materials containing nanostructure with enhanced thermoelectric properties. Improved thermoelectric materials are of interest in vehicle waste heat recovery applications, among others.


May 30, 2008 in Cellulosic ethanol, Thermoelectrics | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

PTT, Toyota To Study Use Of Bio-Hydrogenated Renewable Diesel

Nikkei. Thai oil and gas company PTT PCL is partnering with the Thai unit of Toyota Motor Corp. to study the development of bio-hydrogenated renewable diesel. The study is expected to be completed by the end of next year.


May 30, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (3) | TrackBack

Renault Unveils New Fuel Cell Concept

Renault has introduced a new prototype fuel cell vehicle: the Scenic ZEV H2. The Scenic ZEV H2 is a joint Nissan-Renault Alliance project.


May 30, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

Report: Oil Sands Certified Reclamation at 0.2%, Toxic Tailings Production of 1.8 Billion Liters a Day

After 41 years of oil sands mining operations in northern Alberta, only 0.2%—one square kilometer—of disturbed land is certified as reclaimed, according to a new report by environmental group the Pembina Institute.


May 30, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (12) | TrackBack

TMO Renewables and Integrated Genomics Extend Cellulosic Ethanol Research Collaboration

Integrated Genomics, Inc. (IG), a US microbial genomics company, and TMO Renewables Limited, a UK developer of a cellulosic ethanol production process, are extending their research collaboration on organisms for TMO’s system.


May 30, 2008 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

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