The US Department of Energy will provide up to $240 million in funding for research projects in two specific areas of interest: (1) developing systems for and demonstrating a 50% total increase in vehicle freight efficiency measured in ton-miles per gallon in Class 8 trucks (Supertruck); and (2) accelerating the development of cost-competitive engine and powertrain systems for light-duty vehicles capable of attaining at least a 25% fuel economy improvement for gasoline-fueled vehicles and at least 40% fuel economy improvement for diesel-fueled vehicles while meeting future emissions standards (ATP-LD). Measured fuel economy improvements cannot factor in a hybrid system.
Projects under this funding opportunity (DE-FOA-0000079) will be financed, in whole or in part, with funds appropriated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Applications are due by 9 September 2009.
Area 1: Systems Level Technology Development, Integration and Demonstration for Efficient Class 8 Trucks
Achieving the overall goal of the 50% increase in vehicle freight efficiency is to be achieved through efficiency improvement in advanced vehicle systems technologies and advanced engine technologies. At least 20% of this improvement is be through the development of a heavy-duty diesel engine capable of achieving 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) on a dynamometer under a load representative of a level road at 65 mph.
|Supertruck demonstration requirements. Click to enlarge.|
The vehicle freight efficiency improvement must be achieved while meeting prevailing emission standards and Class 8 tractor-trailers vehicle safety and regulatory requirements. The systems developed shall be validated as cost effective via a business case analysis and will be reviewed for commercialization potential in later project phases as part of the phase gate review process.
Achieving significant increases in vehicle efficiency for Class 8 trucks will require an integrated systems approach to ensure that the various components of the vehicle work synergistically to provide maximum benefit, according to the DOE. For these reasons, DOE is seeking proposals from integrated teams that include an engine manufacturer, a truck OEM and a trailer manufacturer, suppliers, national labs, universities, fleet operators and other stakeholders. These integrated teams are encouraged to examine efficiency opportunities throughout the tractor and trailer combination unit as well as the engine.
As a separate and parallel effort, proposers shall identify, through modeling and analysis, key pathways to achieving our long-term goal of developing a 55% efficient (brake thermal efficiency) heavy-duty diesel engine. Critical components and/or systems needing specific development to achieve this goal should also be identified. This engine must be capable of meeting 2010 emission standards, and be commercially viable.
DOE expects approximately $90,000,000-$160,000,000 of funding to be available for new awards under this Area of Interest.
Area 2: Advanced Technology Powertrains for Light-Duty Vehicles
The goal of this effort is to accelerate the development of cost-competitive engine and powertrain systems for light-duty vehicles capable of attaining at least a 25% fuel economy improvement for gasoline fueled vehicles and at least 40% fuel economy improvement for diesel fueled vehicles while meeting future emissions standards. The improvement is based on comparison to a baseline state-of-the-art port fuel-injected gasoline vehicle maintaining comparable vehicle performance.
|Demonstration requirements for light-duty vehicles. Click to enlarge.|
Targeted emissions levels are EPA Tier II Bin 2 or lower.
DOE-supported research can include improvements to in-cylinder combustion, waste heat recovery, friction reduction, emission control, fuels, materials, electrification and reducing ancillary load requirements.
The engine system can be designed to accommodate a hybrid system, CVT or other advanced transmission, however, the development of these technologies is not being cooperatively funded by the DOE as part of this opportunity. For an engine used in a hybrid vehicle application, the stated fuel economy improvements shall result from improvements only to the engine system efficiency when compared to the base-line hybrid vehicle. Funding for the hybrid system will not be considered for this area of interest.
DOE expects approximately $25,000,000 to $80,000,000 of funding to be available for new awards under this Area of Interest.