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GTI and CRI/Criterion Inc. sign licensing agreement for IH2 process; direct production of biogasoline and diesel hydrocarbon blendstock
13 January 2011
|Lifecycle GHG emissions of renewable gasoline from the IH2 process (GTI RG) compared to petroleum gasoline and diesel. Source: GTI. Click to enlarge.|
The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) has signed an exclusive worldwide licensing agreement with CRI/Criterion Inc., for GTI’s Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion (IH2) technology, which converts biomass directly into cellulosic gasoline and diesel hydrocarbon blendstocks.
GTI’s IH2 technology is an advanced pyrolysis technology which utilizes low pressure hydrogen together with a proprietary catalyst to remove virtually all of the oxygen present in the starting biomass. (During the pilot IH2 project, CRI/Criterion supplied the IH2 catalyst.)
|GTI’ Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion process. Source: GTI. Click to enlarge.|
Features of the process include:
- Feedstock flexible;
- Fast biomass heat up maximizes liquid yield;
- Hydroconversion with catalysts produces low-oxygen, low-acidity liquids;
- Polynuclear aromatic components are not formed;
- Self-sufficient process requires no supplemental water or hydrogen; and
- High-quality renewable gasoline and diesel products are produced.
GTI says that renewable gasoline (RG) produced by the IH2 process results in more than 90% lower greenhouse gas emissions than petroleum-based fuels.
Compared to conventional pyrolysis processes this efficient, balanced approach optimizes the energy used to convert a range of non-food feedstocks into renewable transportation fuels or chemicals, according to GTI. As a result, the technology is highly flexible and is economical for both small- and large-scale applications.
|Fast Pyrolysis Oil||IH2 product|
|Heating value||6,560 Btu/lb
|Compatibility with crude oil or refinery products||No||Excellent|
|Relative transportation cost||1.0||0.3|
GTI has received funding support from the US Department of Energy (EERE Office of Biomass Program) under the integrated biorefinery initiative for the development of IH2. Participants in the project include Cargill, Johnston Timber, Aquaflow, Blue Marble Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Michigan Technological University.
GTI is a leading research, development and training organization that has been developing technology-based solutions for consumers, industry, and government for nearly 70 years. GTI has more than 50 years of research and development (R&D) experience in the design, construction, and operation of thermochemical conversion systems for coal and biomass.
CRI/Criterion Inc., an international company headquartered in Houston, TX, supplies advanced catalysts, services, and technology solutions to the global refining, petrochemical and renewable fuel communities.
GTI Biorenewables: Vision, Challenges, Programs, and Status (presentation Chicago Chapter AIChE 15 September 2009)
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