Toyota introduces new RAV4 EV; 41.8 kWh pack, 100-mile range
7 May 2012
|RAV4 EV. Click to enlarge.|
Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. revealed the all-new Toyota RAV4 EV at the 26th annual Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS26) in Los Angeles. The battery-electric SUV features a 41.8 kWh Li-ion pack, offering an expected driving range rating of approximately 100 miles (161 km). With a 10 kW charger on-board (SAE J1772 connector), charging time of the large pack is approximately six hours on a 240V/40A charger.
The RAV4 EV will go on sale in late summer 2012 through select dealers, initially in four major California metropolitan markets including Sacramento, San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles/Orange County and San Diego, with an MSRP of the RAV4 is $49,800. Sales volume is planned for approximately 2,600 units over the next three years. The battery warranty is 8 years or 100,000 miles.
The RAV4 EV’s driving performance, dynamics and cargo capacity are equal to or exceed the gas powered RAV4 V6, according to Toyota. The RAV4 EV—22 months in development—combines a Tesla Motors-designed and -produced battery and electric powertrain with Toyota’s most popular SUV model.
The front wheel drive RAV4 EV allows drivers to select from two distinctly different drive modes, Sport and Normal. In Sport mode, the vehicle reaches 0-60 mph in 7.0 seconds and has a maximum speed of 100 mph. Normal mode achieves 0-60 mph in 8.6 seconds with a maximum speed of 85 mph.
The powertrain features a 115 kW (154 hp) AC induction motor with fixed-gear open-differential transaxle, with a gear ratio of 9.73. Torque for Normal and Sport modes is 218 lb-ft (296 N·m) and 273 lb-ft (370 N·m), respectively. Maximum output from the electric powertrain is 154 hp (115kW) @ 2,800 rpm.
Curb weight of the vehicle is 4,032 lbs (1,829 kg)—470 lbs (213 kg) more than the RAV4 V6.
RAV4 EV offers a smooth, quiet ride and comfortable handling due in part to its low coefficient of drag and low center of gravity. At 0.30 Cd, RAV4 EV achieves the lowest coefficient of drag of any SUV in the world, according to Toyota. Compared with the gasoline-powered RAV4, Toyota re-styled the front bumper, upper and lower grill, side mirrors, rear spoiler, and under body design to maximize air flow around the vehicle. The RAV4 EV’s battery pack is mounted low and to the center of the vehicle, contributing to a more sedan-like ride.
The vehicle will be available later this year. Toyota’s approved electric vehicle supplier equipment provider is Leviton. Leviton offers multiple options for charging solutions. For the shortest charge time of approximately six hours, Leviton offers a custom 240V (Level 2), 40A, 9.6 kW output charging station. The vehicle comes equipped with a 120V (Level 1) emergency charging cable for instances when the recommended 240V (Level 2) charging is not available.
We believe that the RAV4 EV will attract sophisticated early technology adopters, much like the first-generation Prius. It’s designed for consumers who prioritize the environment and appreciate performance. We look forward to seeing how the market responds.—Bob Carter, TMS group vice president and general manager of the Toyota division
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