The UK’s TRL (Transport Research Laboratory) reports that new regulations soon to be brought in by the European Commission will mean that all new cars will be fitted with autonomous emergency braking technology (AEB). TRL has carried out several analyses of AEBS (Advanced Emergency Braking Systems) and LDWS (Lane Departure Warning Systems) for the European Commission.
AEB systems work using radar, lidar (laser) or video technology, which sends a signal to warn the driver of a collision about to occur and primes the brakes. Some versions of the technology are also able to deal with collisions likely to occur when vehicles are travelling at a higher speed. These systems will also be able to see if a pedestrian has ventured onto the road and apply the brakes before impact.
A study into the technology carried out by the European Commission shows that road traffic accidents could be cut by 27%, with a saving of up to 8,000 lives each year.
Our studies indicate that the resulting reduction in congestion due to accidents would represent an economic value of about €100 million (£78.5 million) in Germany alone.—Philippe Jean, head of the Automotive Industry unit in Enterprise and Industry
Jean has announced that all commercial vehicles will have to have the technology fitted by November next year to gain European Type Approval. Further to this it has been suggested that a similar strategy be adopted with regard to passenger vehicles too.
Euro NCAP, the crash test organisation, has pointed out that 79% of the cars currently on sale in Europe are not fitted with the technology. From 2014 Euro NCAP will include AEB in its assessment, making it practically impossible for any model not fitted with the technology to achieve a five-star rating.
We don’t want to force them [car makers] into this immediately, but we’ve made it very clear that the best way to ensure a five-star rating from 2014 is to have AEB on the vehicle.—Michiel van Ratingen, Secretary General of Euro NCAP
C Grover, I Knight, F Okoro, I Simmons, G Couper, P Massie, and B Smith (2008) Automated Emergency Brake Systems: Technical requirements, costs and benefits. PPR 227 Contract ENTR/05/17.01