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DOE to award up to $1M to evaluate technology pathways for cost-competitive hydrogen fuel

6 October 2012

The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $1 million for up to two projects for 3–4 years to evaluate the most promising technology paths toward achieving $2 to $4 per gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) of hydrogen fuel or less by 2020.

The projects selected through this funding opportunity (DE-FOA-0000748) will help identify cost-effective and efficient materials and processes to produce hydrogen from renewable energy sources and natural gas. These projects will also analyze production and delivery technologies to identify key technical challenges and priorities and continue to evaluate technical progress and hydrogen cost status.

This effort will include annual analyses of key technology challenges using the Energy Department’s Hydrogen Analysis models (H2A) in addition to other industry tools. This work will help determine cost and performance improvements resulting from technology advancements, illustrate cost estimate ranges, and identify areas for further cost reductions.

The analyses will focus on a range of methods for producing hydrogen fuel. Production pathways that may be considered under the direction of the Fuel CEll Technologies (FCT) Program include, but are not limited to: reforming of biomass-derived renewable liquids for distributed production of hydrogen; distributed, semi-central and central water electrolysis; solar high-temperature water splitting; photoelectrochemical water splitting; and biological processes using micro-organisms for photolytic, fermentation, and microbial electrolysis for large-scale central hydrogen production.

An initial cost model validation by the recipient may be required. The validation will be done by defining a baseline cost based largely on data from a current industry accepted hydrogen production pathway which will be selected and approved by DOE’s P&D Team.

Fct
Cost status and targets for hydrogen production. Click to enlarge.

October 6, 2012 in Hydrogen, Hydrogen Production | Permalink | Comments (10) | TrackBack (0)

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Comments

NG 2 H2.

There is enouph water to make endless quantity of hydrogen to fuel any hydrogen vehicle and without pollution. Stop talking about hydrogen from nat gas or any other biomass, stop this hoax from wall street and oil compagnies. Water electrolisis can be made with very efficient methods and the price by kilo should be less then 1$/kilo and the hydrogen can be made at the point of sale or even better be made inside the car while travelling or parked. Stop the inflation done by scientists for their big oil boss. They don't need this 1 million subsidy, just start selling hydrogen now and therefor expand the business. Do honest things for a change.

Im sick and tire of these inneficient ice vehicles should it be 4 cylinders l4 or v6 or v8, these engines are obsolete, costly, noisy, vibrating, need maintenance and polluting lubrification fluids and have to be mated to costly tranmission because the impedance of the ice do not match the impedance of the wheels. Also it need costly polluting gasoline fuel.

Build and commercialize hydrogen fuelcell cars and suvs and do endless quantity of cheap non-polluting hydrogen gas and the fuelcell car will be cheaper and more powerful then an ice car or suv. Also as the fuelcell car produce electricity we can plug the vehicule to the house and power the house contrary to bev vehicles that drain the electricity from the house.

Hydrogen made from grid and/or renewable electricity sources at $2.00 to $2.20/pge by 2020 is a dream for FCEVs fan.

We can and do currently supply huge amount of renewable Hydro electricity, at very low ($0.02 to $0.03/Kwh) rate, to most local industrial facilities and could do the same for hydrogen for decades and more. We could install another 50,000 mega-watts of hydro and up to 95,000 mega-watts of wind power if and when the market is there.

Hydrogen Electrolysis facilities installed at about 150 major highway intersections could supply enough low cost hydrogen for all of Canada and USA long haul FC trucks and buses and eventually for all FCEVs. One large hydrogen 24/7 production facility could supply 4 hydrogen stations located at each major highway intersection with appropriate short distance distribution pipes (across the intersection) and storage tanks to mange peak demands etc.

The simple way alot of h2 from eletricity will come about is...

1 First they will have to make industrial scale cheap enough plants...

2 Then they will build them near hydro power sources and buy/build the dams.

3 Build out the h2 pipeline system to those areas...

In the us that will likely be upper west coast and alaska as some places there get massive rainfall.

Since hydrogen is not an energy source, we obviously need some cheap electric power.

We don't have that.

What we do have is plenty of wishing we had it and claiming it is just around the corner.

we do have it silly alot of it.. that is where aluminum plants are built..

People underestimate the value benefit of convenience. Make this a home-fueling option, have a 400 mile range system, and people will be breaking down your door at $5gge. If we can have natural gas appliances, H2 should make little diff - but what are the maintenance and upkeep (and capital) costs of a 'garage' model. Forget not that Scandinavia and Japan have H2 appliances in their homes - the old Honda FCEV was once modeled with a home system. Its lifestyle, people! Engineers (and those of that mindset) were not designed to know what people want - only to solve their problems - they do not represent a typical sampling of society's values and expectations.

TT:...low cost clean electricity exist outside USA where coal and NG are mostly used. Aluminum plants pay between 2 cents and 2.5 cents/Kwh for clean electricity on a 24/7 basis, even during peak demand periods.

Hydrogen plants could get access to the same clean electricity for as low as 1.5 cents/Kwh (off peak demand periods) i.e. during about 16+ hours/day Monday to Friday and 24 hours/day on week ends.

Hydrogen made with 1.5 cents/Kwh clean electricity and stored locally (at major highway intersections) could be competitive with $3.00/gal liquid fuels now.

With 20+M people looking for work in USA, it should not be a major challenge to built 100 to 150 hydrogen plants at major highway intersections to produce and store hydrogen with low cost e-energy during grid off peak demand hours. Electricity power plants operators would be interested to stead the load and increase their plants and grid efficiency.

Access to future Clean hydrogen is not the real problem with FCEVs. It may be more the initial cost and volume of FCs?

"Hydrogen made with 1.5 cents/Kwh clean electricity and stored locally (at major highway intersections) could be competitive with $3.00/gal liquid fuels now."

EVs cost half that much to fuel, right now. $0.12/kWh * 0.3kW/mile = $0.036 per mile. In a 44 MPG hybrid that's like running on $1.58/gallon fuel.

Let EVs get their hands on that 1.5 cents per kWh electricity and the cost drops a bit. $0.015/kWh * 0.3kW/mile = $0.005/mile. In a 44 MPG hybrid that's like running on $0.20/gallon fuel. I remember 20 cent gas when I was in high school - a half century ago.

I expect our EV charging electricity will end up costing us about 6 cents. That's 4 cent LCOE wind plus 50% overhead and profit. Six cent charging is like burning 80 cents per gallon gas in an efficient hybrid.

Which do you think we'll get first, 200 mile range EV batteries at an affordable price or affordable, long lasting FCEVs and a hydrogen infrastructure?

EVs get there first and there is no way FCEVs will push them out of the dominate position. There will be insufficient savings to justify the infrastructure expense.

If FCEVs get there first and can't operate for 3 to 4 cents a mile EVs will push them out.

"People underestimate the value benefit of convenience. Make this a home-fueling option, have a 400 mile range system, and people will be breaking down your door at $5gge."

I agree. Many people do underestimate the value benefit of convenience. And this is one of the reasons that EVs are likely to win out.

Just plug in.

No going to gas stations. No pumping your own in bad weather or paying a lot more for someone to pump for you.

With 200 mile range the average driver would need to plug in roughly every five days (5 * 33 = 165).

Then, if you're willing to pay a bit more, just park.

Park over a wireless charging 'turtle'. At worst you use an extra 10% electricity. One wireless company claims to have gotten that under 5%.

A 10% loss using 12 cent electricity would cost the 12k annual mile driver about a dime a day.

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