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Air Products India wins contract for solar-powered hydrogen fueling station

29 November 2012

Air Products has been awarded a contract with India’s University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES) to build the country’s first solar-powered renewable hydrogen fueling station.

Air Products’ hydrogen fueling technology and infrastructure will be part of a mass public transit bus fueling and vehicle demonstration program administered by UPES. The station, which will generate hydrogen from solar energy via an electrolyzer and be located at the Solar Energy Centre near Delhi, is scheduled to be onstream in July 2013.

UPES is executing this project in collaboration with Indian Oil and it is entirely funded by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of the Government of India.

Once complete, the UPES project will mark the third Air Products hydrogen fueling station operating in India. Air Products India installed, and in January 2012 commissioned, a hydrogen fueling dispenser in Pragati Maiden, Delhi to serve a fleet of hydrogen-powered auto rickshaws. The three-wheeled hydrogen-powered fleet transports visitors at the Pragati Maidan, where many large public exhibitions are held. Air Products was also a key player in the opening of India’s first hydrogen fueling station several years ago at a research and development center in Faridabad, south of New Delhi.

Air Products is the leading global supplier of hydrogen to refineries to assist in producing cleaner burning transportation fuels and has experience in the hydrogen fueling industry. Several sites today for certain hydrogen fueling applications are fueling at rates of more than 75,000 refills per year. Use of the company’s fueling technology is increasing and is above 500,000 hydrogen fills per year.

The company has been involved in more than 150 hydrogen fueling projects in the United States and 19 countries worldwide. Cars, trucks, vans, buses, scooters, forklifts, locomotives, planes, cell towers, material handling equipment, and even submarines have been fueled.

Air Products provides liquid and gaseous hydrogen and a variety of enabling devices and protocols for fuel dispensing at varied pressures. Hydrogen for these stations can be delivered to a site via truck or pipeline, produced by natural gas reformation, biomass conversion, or by electrolysis, including electrolysis that is solar and wind driven.

November 29, 2012 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (8) | TrackBack (0)

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Comments

A mix of Solar, Wind and Hydro driven electrolysis hydrogen plants could be installed in many thousands places around the globe to cleanly feed many million clean running FC units.

It may be an alternative to EVs, specially for long range drives and heavy vehicles.

FCV's are still EV's, just a different energy storage means.

Both have motors and controllers. The round trip efficiency of batteries is about 90%. If the electrolysis is 80% efficient and 10% more is used for compression and the fuel cell is 40%, that leaves less than 30% versus 90% to make the same power mobile.

Newly-designed high-pressure H2 electrolyzer can achieve 85% efficiency when deliver H2 at 20 MPa pressure (200 bar). Honda FCX Clarity fuel cell can achieve 70% efficiency, or 60% tank-to-wheel efficiency.

A BEV cannot do much better, because you must factor in the loss via the inverter from PV panel to the grid, and losses in power transmission in the grid, and then, losses in the rectifier to convert AC to DC current in the battery charger and the loss within the charger itself. Figure at least 15%-20% further loss in these processes. Then, you must consider the losses within the BEV itself

A H2 storage system of roof-top PV panels does not require power inverter because the electrolyzer can use direct current, then no loss thru the grid because no power grid transmission is required.

So instead of 3 to 1 you have 2 to 1 IF you can get that 85% efficiency to work and IF you can really get 60% from a fuel cell...a lot of IFs.

You can go right from the solar cells into the batteries at high voltage. Electrolysis takes very low voltage at extremely high currents, that does not lend itself to the direct method.

@SJC,
Solar cells do not generate high voltages. Silicon PV cell generates 0.5 V max.

Over 60% efficiency from a PEM-FC is now the standard.

Solar cells energy directly into the battery of your car can only happen if your car is parked under a solar roof. Not a very likely scenario at the presently low market penetration of solar PV and low rate of adoption of PEV's. If not, all that output has to go into the grid, and your car has to be charged using grid electricity wherever you happen to park your car.

A solar-powered H2 station, at any stage of market penetration of solar PV, is able to store ALL the solar output into H2, to be dispensed whenever.

What's India need with a bunch of H2 stations (for the masses?) across the desert?

This seems a bit like installing roof-top PV panels just because you bought an EV.

I guess the PVs complete the picture, just in case it was not obvious to all that you are a geek, a well meaning green geek of course, but a geek just the same.

@ToppaTom,
Here is the answer to your question:

"Air Products’ hydrogen fueling technology and infrastructure will be part of a mass public transit bus fueling and vehicle demonstration program administered by UPES. The station, which will generate hydrogen from solar energy via an electrolyzer and be located at the Solar Energy Centre near Delhi, is scheduled to be onstream in July 2013...

Air Products India installed, and in January 2012 commissioned, a hydrogen fueling dispenser in Pragati Maiden, Delhi to serve a fleet of hydrogen-powered auto rickshaws. The three-wheeled hydrogen-powered fleet transports visitors at the Pragati Maidan, where many large public exhibitions are held."

This is done in collaboration with Indian Oil company, for obvious reason of harvesting an alternative source of transportation fuel from petroleum, so that India will not have to go to war with China to obtain oil from the shelf of South China Sea!

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