|Tesla by far dominated the transfer of ZEV credits in California in 2012. Data: ARB. Click to enlarge.|
Between 1 October 2012 and 30 September 2013, electric vehicle manufacturer Tesla Motors transferred out 1,311.520 ZEV (zero emission vehicle) credits, according to the latest report by the California Air Resources Board (ARB)—by far, the largest of any automaker in the state. The next closest was Toyota, with 507.5 credits; Nissan only transferred 25 credits, and those generated from its PZEVs—not from the LEAF EV.
As of 30 September, Tesla still had a balance of 276.080 credits, according to the data; behind the six major automakers, who are mostly banking their credits.
|California ZEV credit balance by automaker, as of 30 September 2013. Data: ARB. Click to enlarge.|
The California ZEV Regulation requires large volume and intermediate volume vehicle manufacturers to bring to and to operate in California a certain percent of ZEVs (such as battery electric and fuel cell vehicles); plug-in hybrids; hybrids; and gasoline vehicles with near-zero tail pipe emissions.
Large volume manufacturers currently include the big six: Chrysler Group, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan and Toyota. Intermediate manufacturers under the ZEV regulation are BMW, Hyundai, Kia, Land Rover, Mazda, Mercedes Benz, Subaru and Volkswagen.
A vehicle manufacturer’s ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of all passenger cars and light-duty trucks from 0 to 8,500 pounds (lbs.), delivered for sale in California.
There are also other automakers generating credits that do not have ZEV requirements because of the level of their sales; they can, as does Tesla, sell these credits to others.
|California ZEV credit transfers in between 1 October 2012 and 30 September 2013. Data: ARB. Click to enlarge.|
All vehicle manufacturers subject to the ZEV Regulation are in compliance through model year 2012, ARB noted. Positive credit balances represent a successful over-compliance with the ZEV Regulation. Manufacturers can use these balances to provide flexibility in the timing and production of bringing new clean cars to the market to meet the ZEV requirements in coming years.
GM was the leading automaker for acquiring ZEV credits (transfer in), followed by Chrysler. Honda was third.
The Air Resources Board requested that production data beginning in model year 2009 and credit balances in 2010 be made publicly available. This request was incorporated into the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Regulation and is in section 1962.1(l).
As a result of the ZEV regulation, a total of nearly 3 million vehicles including approximately 500 fuel cell vehicles; 12,500 battery electrics; 29,100 NEVs; 9,200 clean plug-in hybrids; one half million hybrids; and 2.4 million clean gasoline vehicles have come to California through model year 2012, according to ARB data.