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GM to cease manufacturing in Australia by 2017

General Motors announced it will transition to a national sales company in Australia and New Zealand. The company will discontinue vehicle and engine manufacturing and significantly reduce its engineering operations in Australia by the end of 2017.

The decision to end manufacturing in Australia reflects the perfect storm of negative influences the automotive industry faces in the country, including the sustained strength of the Australian dollar, high cost of production, small domestic market and arguably the most competitive and fragmented auto market in the world.

—GM Chairman and CEO Dan Akerson

As a result of the company’s actions, approximately 2,900 positions will be impacted over the next four years. This will comprise 1,600 from the Elizabeth vehicle manufacturing plant and approximately 1,300 from Holden’s Victorian workforce.

Holden will continue to have a presence in Australia beyond 2017, consisting of a national sales company, a national parts distribution center and a global design studio.

GM Holden Chairman and Managing Director Mike Devereux said an important priority over the next four years would be to ensure the best possible transition for workers in South Australia and Victoria.

The sale and service of Holden vehicles will be unaffected by this announcement and will continue through the network of Holden dealers across Australia and New Zealand. Warranty terms and spare parts availability will remain unchanged.

Since 2001, the Australian dollar has risen from US$0.50 to as high as US$1.10 and from as low as 47 to as high as 79 on the Trade Weighted Index. The Australian automotive industry is heavily trade exposed. The appreciation of the currency alone means that at the Australian dollar’s peak, making things in Australia was 65% more expensive compared to just a decade earlier.

With the decision to discontinue vehicle and engine manufacturing in Australia by the end of 2017, GM expects to record pre-tax charges of $400 million to $600 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. The charges would consist of approximately $300 million to $500 million for non-cash asset impairment charges including property, plant and equipment and approximately $100 million for cash payment of exit-related costs including certain employee severance related costs. Additional charges are expected to be incurred through 2017 for incremental future cash payments of employee severance once negotiations of the amount are completed with the employees’ union. The asset impairment charges will be considered special for EBIT-adjusted reporting purposes.



Is the AU$ high because of coal exports?  The closure of GM Australia would then be another example of the curse of natural resources.

Australia should convert to nuclear, and tax its coal exports.  That will reduce employment in the mining sector, but increase it everywhere else while cleaning the air world-wide.


Australian over valued currency and very high labor cost cannot compete with Made in China products. In the near future, GM vehicles will probably be shipped from China to Australia.

The same thing may happen to Canada if it wasn't for the Canada/USA auto-pact. Otherwise, the Can$ would have to be devalued to about $0.66/US to maintain a competitive car industry.

Roger Pham

To preserve domestic manufacturing jobs, all Australia need to do is to put appropriate tariffs on imported goods from countries with poorer environmental and social standards. This will help level the playing field for Australian workers and factories. The rest of the world can do the same. This will help clean up the air and water pollution in China real fast! This is a win-win solution for everyone everywhere, especially for the 97% have-nots, while the top 3% is already very rich and will not suffer any physical hardship.


Economists tend to not like tariffs, the 20th century provided ample evidence for their side effects. Australia has been able to export resources with no let up in sight, that creates a strong currency...for now.

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