|Representation of AdapIVe’s working point between full driver control and full vehicle control. Source: Volkswagen Research. Click to enlarge.|
A major European research project, AdaptIVe (Automated Driving Applications & Technologies for Intelligent Vehicles), targeting breakthrough advances that will lead to more efficient and safe automated driving kicked off at the MobileLifeCampus in Wolfsburg, Germany on Friday. AdaptIVe is an effort by a consortium of 29 partners—automotive manufacturers, suppliers, research institutes and universities, and small- and medium-sized businesses—coordinated by Volkswagen Group Research.
Over the planned 42-month duration of AdaptIVe, the partners will develop and test new functionalities for cars and trucks, offering both partially automated and highly automated driving on motorways, in urban scenarios, and for close-distance maneuvers.
This complex field of research will not only utilize onboard sensors, but also cooperative elements such as vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. Therefore, I am glad that most European automotive companies are cooperating in this pre-competitive field to create new solutions for automated driving.— Professor Jürgen Leohold, Executive Director of Volkswagen Group Research
|Taxonomy of levels of automation|
|Assisted driving. The driver permanently controls either longitudinal or lateral control. The other task can be automated to a certain extent by the assistance system.|
|Partly automated. The system takes over longitudinal and lateral control, the driver shall permanently monitor the system and shall be prepared to take over control at any time.|
|Highly automated. The system takes over longitudinal and lateral control; the driver must no longer permanently monitor the system. In case of a take-over request, the driver must take-over control with a certain time buffer.|
|Fully automated. The system takes over longitudinal and lateral control completely and permanently. In case of a take-over request that is not carried out, the system will return to the minimal risk condition by itself.|
The focus of the project will be on achieving ideal cooperative interaction between the driver and the automated system by using advanced sensors, cooperative vehicle technologies and adaptive strategies in which the level of automation is dynamically adapted to the situation and driver status.
Seven cars and one truck will demonstrate various combinations of automated functions. In addition to addressing technology development aspects, the project will also explore legal implications for manufacturers and drivers—in particular regarding product liability and road traffic laws.
The project has a budget of €25 million (US$34 million) and is funded by the European Commission. AdaptIVe includes the following partners:
Automotive Manufacturers: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft; BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH; Centro Ricerche Fiat SCPA; Daimler AG; Adam Opel AG; Peugeot Citroën Automobiles S.A.; RENAULT s.a.s. represented by GIE Regienov; Volkswagen AG; Volvo Personvagnar AB; Volvo Group; and Ford Research and Advanced Engineering Europe.
Suppliers: Robert Bosch GmbH; Continental; and Delphi Deutschland GmbH.
Research Institutes and Universities: Bundesanstalt fuer Strassenwesen; Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt eV; Institute of Communication and Computer Systems; Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek–TNO; Fundación para la Promoción de la Innovación, Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico en la Industria de Automoción de Galicia; Chalmers tekniska hoegskola; Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen; University of Leeds; Lunds Universitet; Università degli Studi di Trento; and Julius-Maximilians Universitaet Wuerzburg.
Small and Medium-sized businesses: Alcor; European Center for Information and Communication Technologies GmbH; and WIVW Würzburger Institut für Verkehrswissenschaften GmbH.