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BYD’s Qin plug-in hybrid the best selling automotive EV in China

Tech6
2nd-generation Dual Mode (DM II) plug-in hybrid system of the Qin. Click to enlarge.

BYD’s second-generation Dual-Mode, plug-in hybrid electric sedan Qin has posted a second month of strong sales in February. Trends in March now make it “China’s Best-Selling Electric Vehicle” according to China’s National Passenger Car Association. In the first weeks of 2014, more than 6,000 Qin vehicles were sold, accounting for more than one-half of the Chinese new-energy vehicle market.

Analysts are not expecting sales to slow, as both Shanghai and Beijing announced earlier this month that they will now permit BYD new energy vehicles to qualify for local municipality green-vehicle incentives and be licensed in those regions.

Qin
BYD’s Qin. Click to enlarge.

The Qin combines a 1.5-liter, turbocharged, direct-injection 4-cylinder, 113 kW (152 hp), 240 N·m (177 lb-ft) engine with a 110 kW (148 hp), 250 N·m (184 lb-ft) electric motor; combined system power is 217 kW (291 hp) maximum with 479 N·m (353 lb-ft) maximum torque. The system uses a 6-speed DCT transmission. A 13 kWh Li-ion battery pack provides energy storage.

Compared to the first generation of the dual-mode PHEV drive system (DM I), DM II features a larger displacement engine (1.5L turbo, direct-injected up from a 1.0L naturally aspirated engine), with power increasing to 113 kW up from 50 kW (67 hp).

The voltage of the electric motor has increased from 330V to 500V, and power output from the motor has increased from 75 kW to 110 kW. Maximum rotation speed of the motor has also increased from 6,000 rpm in DM I to 10,000 rpm in DM II. The overall drive efficiency of DM II has increased by 7%, according to BYD.

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h takes 5.9 seconds. BYD says that fuel consumption is 1.6 l/100 km (147 mpg US), with an all-electric range of 70 km (43 miles).

The Qin is only the first of multiple of BYD electric vehicles launching as the electric version of the S7-styled SUV—internally named the Tang—is set to be released later this year. The Qin is currently available to domestic Chinese and Latin American markets and senior officials at BYD have discussed expanding exported versions of these new energy vehicles in the coming years.

Comments

Davemart

That's up there in monthly sales with the leading EVs in the US, the Leaf, Volt, and Tesla.

Lets hope they release it elsewhere.

kelly

"Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h takes 5.9 seconds." is near super car for ?$?

HarveyD

If the above stats are true, this may be one of the most efficient muscle PHEV on the market place.

No wonders that sales are going up as fast as they can be produced.

Export will follow by 2015 or so.

SJC

Years ago BYD had one of the best dual mode designs I had seen. They could do engine/motor charging with motor propulsion or engine/motor charging/propulsion.
I remember the president of BYD being so excited at the show he took reporters for a test drive IN the convention hall on electric only.

D

149 MPG?
WOW.
I know it probably doesn't have air bags, convertors or other US mandate stuff but you cant argue, if the numbers are right its VERY impressive. Wonder what the US cost would be?

Peace Hugger

@ D,

Airbags? Twelve.

HarveyD

This is a beautiful, modern design PHEV and it could probably meet ALL USA's safety, workmanship, quality and durability norms and more.

However, we will (as usual) do our best de block its arrival on our local market, even if built in a country with Free Trade Agreement.

Herman

To paraphrase Pulp Fiction's Mr. Wolf, who, upon solving the Bonnie Situation, admonishes Vincent and Jules not to celebrate too soon: let's not go high-fiving each other just yet (not his EXACT words, but close enough).

According to Warren Buffett, you'll never see a more enthusiastic, energetic guy than their CEO Wang Chuanfu. He is an EV acolyte. But his company has about as much trouble tranlsating their ambition into results as they do tranlating sales figures: In some Q&A about the Qin replacing the F3DM, BYD flaks stated the previous model sold "many tens of thousands". Reality check -- from 2008 to present, they delivered fewer than 3300 F3DMs.

It's this sort of tendency for BYD to, shall we say, "exaggerate" that makes me doubt their claims. The e6 was a classic example of optimistic projections, with a plan to sell the car for less than USD35,000 back in 2011. Of course, after a few "reschedulings", it was delayed because the target market (LA area) "lacked charging infrastructure". Finally, they stated in October 2013 that the car would be sold to fleet buyers only, at a price of USD52,000. The e6 was also supposed to demonstrate "unprecedented" battery specific energy, but its ~2400kg curb weight in a Versa-sized package says otherwise. Even with a (claimed) 60kw-hr battery, that's a chubby number.


The way they're describing the spec for this car is starting to look similar. 1.6l/100km? Sure! Here's how it works: drive 70km on the battery, then use the engine for the next 30km. Is that how any transportation agency measures EREV fuel consumption? Nope, but Mr. Wang does. (BTW, did you notice that the 30km cruise is achived at 5.3l/100km, or 44mpg?) Also, the sales rate of "6,000 in the opening weeks" is the number reported from the beginning of 2014 until yesterday's release. That it is some imminent export success is hardly obvious.

BTW, Harvey: exactly how did the US block sales of the F3DM or the e6 or the Coda?

Herman

... and apparently I cannot spell "translating".

TM

@Herman - translation for Harvey's predictions: They should be annotated by " ... , I hope." If there is any quantitative reasoning going into his predictions, he does not share it. Take them all as qualitative "hopes."

dursun

291 hp, 353 lb-ft

WTF? these are not specs for eco-green car.


SJC

It is a Volt on steroids, if they get the price right it might sell.

HarveyD

USA normally blocks competitive products import with various measures such as:

1. Various old and new restrictions interpreted and applied on a State by State and case by case basis.

2. Technical standards applied in a way to favor local products only.

3. Emission standards specially designed to block the best quality imports.

4. Endless patent rights legal wars.

5. Obscure Buy American Laws.

7. High Port and landing fees.

8. Killer special tariffs.

9. Biased financial and trade restrictions

10. Presidential restrictions.

etc.

Engineer-Poet

And none of HarveyD's "normal" blocks appear to apply.

This is his typical disconnection from reality.

Herman

So the answer to the question "exactly how did the US block sales of the F3DM or the e6 or the Coda?" is implicitly: they didn't.

BYD did not submit the F3DM for crash testing (though somehow evil US Customs authorities allowed ten of the cars to be imported to the US for leasing by the LA Housing Authority).

BYD could not manage to achieve sufficiently reliable production quality of the e6 and subsequently blamed delays in exports to the US on poor charging infrastructure in the LA area.. in 2011, where Leaf customers were on long waiting lists. Remember that BYD's early pressers on the e6 touted a 250 mi range with a one-hour recharge. The car has only sold in measureable quantity Shenzen taxi operating under government control (initially reporting the batteries to be "unreliable").

The Coda was imported from Great Wall, managed to squeak by NHTSA testing with two stars, and no issues reported with US Customs... but was just such a POS that it was simply a failure without any assist from the Feds.

If you're trying to point to the failure of BYD to sell busses to Long Beach, please... California openly courted Mr. Wang to come to the state and build electric busses. The Governator even pushed for a USD2Million tax break so the fine folks from BYD could build the busses there. Problem is that BYD's first foray into CA manufacturing featured Chinese workers living in a crummy San Gabriel dormitory being paid USD1.50/hour plus USD50/day per diem --- less than minimum wage. BYD didn't even try to deny it: they said CA law didn't apply because these were non-US workers on guest visas. They paid a USD100k fine. Perhaps they have since learnt Rule number one if you want to sell to any government agency: do not immediately embarrass the hell out of your sponsor.

Anyhow, I will defend your statement that the Qin will be imported to the US in 2015 because that is what Mr. Wang has stated in a recent press release. Of course, this is the same guy who said in 2009 that the e6 would be here in 2010...

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