Pisa, Deutsche Telekom and Kiunsys launch smart city pilot project to optimize inner city parking as part of ITS; POSSE
The Italian city of Pisa and Deutsche Telekom have launched a smart city pilot project to test an intelligent parking system and to analyze historical traffic data via a “big data” service. The system, which will integrate into Pisa’s intelligent transport system (ITS), will help motorists in Pisa find a free parking space more easily and quickly, as well as pay for it via their smart phone.
The city of Pisa worked with Deutsche Telekom and its partner firm Kiunsys to install the new smart city service on Piazza Carrara, located directly on the banks of the river Arno. Wireless Parking Spots Sensors (PSS) on the floor of each parking spot detect whether the spaces are free or occupied. Several data units collect the information and send it over the mobile network to the city’s server infrastructure. The information is then displayed on indication panels which guide drivers to a free space. The solution is also integrated in Pisa’s existing Tap&Park app which drivers can choose to download to take them directly to a free parking space and even pay for it via the app.
|Click to enlarge.|
The new parking system integrates seamlessly into our intelligent transport system (ITS). It eases the flow of traffic and helps to cut CO2 emissions. The pilot project is a big stride for Pisa towards improving its traffic situation over the long term. Indeed, drivers looking for a parking space make up some 30 percent of inner-city traffic. So the easier it is for them to find a spot, the less traffic there will be.—Marco Filippeschi, mayor of Pisa
|The smart parking pilot site in the piazza. Click to enlarge.||One of the Kiunsys PSS units. Click to enlarge.|
Pisa is not only one of the main tourist destinations of Italy, but also an important university and public services city with three universities, an important hospital at European level and the main airport of Tuscany. Pisa attracts around 90,000 vehicles per day on its roads.
We firmly believe that the right way to becoming a smart city is to have open standards and take a collaborative approach. That’s why we are particularly pleased to be part of this joint project with our partner company Kiunsys and the City of Pisa—a leading member of the European ITS standardization network POSSE.—Jürgen Hase, Vice President, Machine-to-Machine at Deutsche Telekom
Pisa is a Transfer Site of the POSSE (Promoting Open Specifications and Standards in Europe) ITS standardization program. Within the framework of this program, the city is implementing open standards and helping to develop European best-practice guidelines.
POSSE is primarily a knowledge transfer project that will share the experience of two European initiatives, namely UTMC (Urban Traffic Management and Control) and OCIT/OTS (Open Communication Interface for Traffic Control System/Open Traffic Systems), to the benefit of six European sites (“Transfer Sites”), which would like to implement open ITS specifications and standards.
The UTMC (Urban Traffic Management and Control) initiative was created explicitly in order to capture, generate and distribute good practice among highways authorities. The primary tool of UTMC, therefore, is its open systems framework: a continually-evolving set of specifications for interfaces between different systems.
It covers many different functions, including traffic signal management; variable message signs; CCTV; car park guidance; air quality sensors; and automatic number plate recognition. UTMC is extending the air quality specification to include a wider range of vehicle emissions data, and the incorporation of weather sensor data.
OCIT and OTS use open standards and specifications to enable interoperability of traffic systems. The OCIT initiative was launched in 1999 by traffic signal system suppliers to replace the Local Authority specific standards with a single, open industry standard. The 2009 OTS Framework is the conceptual foundation for the introduction of open distributed system architectures in the traffic domain. The Framework consists of several components, which include a guideline and a process model for the maintenance of OTS, as well as a meta-model for the architecture of urban ITS and the communication standard OTS for ITS data exchange.
The OTS data model covers the traffic signal control domain and is based on the results of the OCIT initiative. For traffic management requirements that go beyond traffic signal control, OTS incorporates the DATEX II data model and extends this where needed.
In addition to Pisa, the other Transfer Sites in the project are the City of Burgos, Spain; the Municipality of Klaipeda, Lithuania; La Spezia Municipality, Italy; the Czech Ministry of Transport Research Centre (CDV); and the Norwegian Public Roads Administration (NPRA).
Within this framework, Pisa has developed a comprehensive scoping document to set up a plan for integrating all existing separate systems into a common database using open specifications and standards. This open data architecture will be an ITS platform and hardware, including the specific data that needs to be exchanged between systems.
Pisa has already been using a range of modules from Deutsche Telekom’s partner company Kiunsys for several years. These include the Tap&Park app for mobile payment of parking charges, 30,000 RFID parking badges—known as “PisaPass”—and INeS Cloud management software. The system can digitally map all processes relating to parking facility management and traffic in the city, according to Tiziano Di Sciullo, Sales Manager at Kiunsys.
INeS Cloud is a suite of software modules with more than 200 menu items and 100 analytics reports for the management of processes related to mobility, city-logistics and outdoor advertising licenses, with payment and control services via the web, handheld devices and smartphone.
As a result, Pisa has already been collecting traffic-related data over the past few years which will now be analyzed as part of the pilot project. The partners hope to gain a deeper insight into how the traffic infrastructure is used, which will benefit traffic planning in future.
Pisa’s Sustainable Energy Action Plan. In November 2010, the Municipality of Pisa agreed at the Covenant of European Union Mayors to achieve the goal of reducing CO2 emission by more than 20% within 2020. The Sustainable Energy Action Plan is the document adopted by the Municipal Assembly in May 2012 to reach this objective. It foresees several different areas of action, including:
Effective energy standards in new buildings—higher than those foreseen at the national level;
Mobility policies directed to increase public transport;
The development of studies and analysis concerning river navigation;
The use of renewable energies;
The approval of Sustainable Building Municipal Regulation shared with other Municipalities of the “Area Pisana” (Cascina, Calci, San Giuliano Terme, Vecchiano, Vicopisano and, Pisa itself);
A policy of green purchasing;
The increase of the locally based electric energy production as well the use of geothermal energy; and
Increased involvement of citizens through awareness campaigns.