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April 2016

April 30, 2016

Roland Berger study outlines integrated vehicle and fuels roadmap for further abating transport GHG emissions 2030+ at lowest societal cost

A new study by consultancy Roland Berger defines an integrated roadmap for European road transport decarbonization to 2030 and beyond; the current regulatory framework for vehicle emissions, carbon intensity of fuels and use of renewable fuels covers only up to 2020/2021.

The study was commissioned by a coalition of fuel suppliers and automotive companies with a view to identifying a roadmap to 2030+ to identify GHG abatement options at the lowest cost to society. The coalition comprises BMW, Daimler, Honda, NEOT/St1, Neste, OMV, Shell, Toyota and Volkswagen. Among the key findings of the study were:

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April 30, 2016 in Bio-hydrocarbons, Biomass, Electric (Battery), Emissions, Engines, Europe, Forecasts, Fuel Cells, Fuels, Hybrids, Lifecycle analysis | Permalink | Comments (35)

IEEE publishes new 1609.3-2016 WAVE standard supporting connected vehicle deployment

IEEE has published the 1609.3-2016 Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) -- Networking Services. IEEE 1609.3 defines network (Layer 3) and transport layer (Layer 4) services that support secure WAVE data exchange, including addressing and routing.

The lack of ubiquitous high-speed communications between vehicles and service providers and the lack of homogeneous communication interfaces between different automotive manufacturers have limited externally driven services to vehicles. The IEEE 1609 family of standards for WAVE completely address the issue of standardized communication interfaces between different manufacturers.

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April 30, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

DOE and DOT collaborate to support smart transportation systems and alternative fuel technologies

The US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Transportation (DOT) announced a collaboration to accelerate research, development, demonstration, and deployment of innovative smart transportation systems and alternative fuel technologies.

The agencies formalized this collaborative relationship through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was unveiled at a symposium this week called Achieving Zero-Emission Mobility: The Role of Innovative Electric Vehicle Companies, hosted by the University of California Center on Economic Competitiveness in Transportation in Berkeley, California.

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April 30, 2016 in Connected vehicles, Electric (Battery), Fuels, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), Urban mobility | Permalink | Comments (1)

April 29, 2016

Study: long-term exposure to PM2.5 associated with numerous types of cancer

Long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5, a mixture of environmental pollutants, was associated with increased risk of mortality for many types of cancer in an elderly Hong Kong population, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Long-term exposure to particulate matter has been associated with mortality mainly from cardiopulmonary causes and lung cancer, said the study’s co-lead author, Thuan Quoc Thach, PhD, a scientific officer at the School of Public Health at the University of Hong Kong. However, there have been few studies showing an association with mortality from other cancers. Thach and co-lead author Neil Thomas suspected that PM2.5 could have an equivalent effect on cancers elsewhere in the body.

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April 29, 2016 in Emissions, Health, Regulations | Permalink | Comments (4)

Study: Even small amounts of PM2.5 may have long-term health effects on developing fetus

Even small amounts of PM2.5 pollution appear to raise the risk of a condition in pregnant women linked to premature births and lifelong neurological and respiratory disorders in their children, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Fine particles from car exhaust, power plants and other industrial sources are breathed into the lungs, but the scientists have now found evidence of the effects of that pollution in the pregnant women’s placentas. They found that the greater the maternal exposure to air pollution, the more likely the pregnant women suffered from intrauterine inflammation, which can increase the risk of a number of health problems for her child from the fetal stage well into childhood.

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April 29, 2016 in Emissions, Environmental Justice, Health, Regulations | Permalink | Comments (0)

Qoros and FreeValve partner on camless technology; new Qoros concept uses FreeValve PHEA

At Auto China in Beijing, Qoros Auto unveiled a concept car showcasing a new Qoros “Qamfree” engine featuring FreeValve’s Pneumatic-Hydraulic-Electric-Actuator (PHEA) technology. FreeValve and Qoros also announced a partnership for the continued development of the camless technology. FreeValve AB is a sister company to Koenigsegg Automotive.

FreeValve’s PHEA technology replaces the conventional camshaft and associated hardware, and allows the engine management system to have full control over each valve. Where camshaft technology has been limited to the relationship between the valves and the camshaft position, FreeValve’s fully variable valve actuation allows independent control over every valve’s precise opening/closing position and timing throughout the whole combustion cycle.

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April 29, 2016 in Engines, Fuel Efficiency, Vehicle Systems | Permalink | Comments (0)

Study identifies Bakken Formation alone as responsible for ~2% of global ethane emissions

The Bakken Formation, a shale oil and gas field in North Dakota and Montana, is emitting roughly 2% (about 250,000 tons per year) of the globe’s ethane, according to new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan. The paper appears in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

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April 29, 2016 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (1)

Neste Renewable Isoalkane to be used for Avantherm’s renewable products for transferring heat and cold

Avantherm, a Swedish company specializing in heat transfer media products, has started using Neste Renewable Isoalkane to produce the next generation, high-performance and more environmentally friendly heat transfer media. Avantherm thus becomes one of the first companies to market Heat Transfer Media produced from renewable raw materials.

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April 29, 2016 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (0)

Cactus-inspired membranes with nanocrack coatings boost fuel cell performance significantly

Regulating water content in polymeric membranes is important in a number of applications—such as in the proton-exchange fuel-cell membranes used in automotive fuel cell stacks. Researchers from CSIRO in Australia and Hanyang University in Korea have now developed a new type of hydrocarbon polymer membrane that has the potential to deliver a significant boost in fuel cell performance.

Water content in the membranes is regulated through nanometer-scale cracks (nanocracks) in a hydrophobic surface coating. These cracks work as nanoscale valves to retard water desorption and to maintain ion conductivity in the membrane on dehumidification. In a paper published in the journal Nature, the researchers reported that hydrocarbon fuel-cell membranes with these surface nanocrack coatings operated at intermediate temperatures show improved electrochemical performance.

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April 29, 2016 in Fuel Cells, Hydrogen, Materials | Permalink | Comments (3)

Volkswagen starts recall of the first EA 189 Golf model in Europe for diesel emissions fix

In Europe, the Volkswagen passenger car brand is starting the technical modification of the non-compliant diesel vehicles with engine type EA 189 and the software defeat device. The first model is the Golf TDI Blue Motion Technology (BMT) with a 2.0l engine. In Europe around 15,000 Golf cars affected with a manual gearbox are being called to the workshops. Further Volkswagen passenger car brand models will follow shortly in the recall process.

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April 29, 2016 in Brief | Permalink | Comments (0)

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