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DOE awarding >$82M to support nuclear energy research and development

The US Department of Energy (DOE) ia awarding more than $82 million to 93 projects that will help push innovative nuclear technologies toward commercialization and into the market. These awards provide funding for nuclear energy-related research through the Nuclear Energy University Program, Nuclear Science User Facilities, and Nuclear Energy Enabling Technology programs.

In addition to financial support, a number of recipients will receive technical and regulatory assistance through the Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN) initiative.

Nuclear power is our nation’s largest source of low-carbon electricity and is a vital component in our efforts to both provide affordable and reliable electricity and to combat climate change. These awards will help scientists and engineers as they continue to innovate with advanced nuclear technologies.

—Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz

Nuclear Energy University Program. DOE is awarding nearly $36 million through its Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP) to support 49 university-led nuclear energy research and development projects in 24 states. NEUP seeks to maintain US leadership in nuclear research across the country by providing top science and engineering students and faculty members opportunities to develop innovative technologies and solutions for civil nuclear capabilities.

Additionally, 15 universities will receive nearly $6 million for research reactor and infrastructure improvements—providing important safety- performance- and student education-related upgrades to a portion of the nation’s 25 university research reactors as well as enhancing university research and training infrastructure.

Public-Private Partnerships; GAIN. The new awards are part of a significant first set of actions to implement the GAIN initiative that was announced November 2015, which provides the nuclear energy community with access to the technical, regulatory, and financial support necessary to move new or advanced nuclear reactor designs toward commercialization while ensuring the continued safe, reliable, and economic operation of the existing nuclear fleet.

GAIN will provide the nuclear community with a single point of access to the broad range of capabilities—people, facilities, materials, and data—across the DOE complex and its National Laboratory capabilities.

The Department is making approximately $2 million available through the Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF) to provide access to world-class neutron and gamma irradiation and post-irradiation examination services to General Electric Hitachi. The project will cover the cost of placing selected material samples from additive manufacturing processes into a NSUF-affiliated nuclear reactor to analyze the effects of nuclear reactor irradiation on material property changes.

Additionally, under the innovative GAIN public private partnership model, DOE is supporting a nearly $3 million collaborative effort with Westinghouse as the lead of one project and as a collaborator in two other projects, led by Argonne National Laboratory and Virginia Polytechnic Institute to develop advanced communication methods for nuclear facilities.

These awards complement the Office of Nuclear Energy’s Small Business Voucher Program that will provide up to $2 million in 2016 to help small businesses overcome critical nuclear technology and commercialization challenges.

Integrated Research Projects. The Department is also awarding $21 million for 6 Integrated Research Projects (IRPs), which include a jointly-funded project between the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Office of Environmental Management for enhanced glass forms for nuclear waste immobilization. The Office of Environmental Management will also fund two IRP projects for advanced nuclearized robotics capabilities. Collaboration between the Offices of Environmental Management and Nuclear Energy is part of Secretary Moniz’s effort to integrate the Department’s research for advanced nuclear R&D and remediation efforts.

Crosscutting Research Projects. Additionally, nearly $7 million will be awarded for seven research and development projects led by Department of Energy national laboratories, industry and US universities to conduct research to address crosscutting nuclear energy challenges that will help to develop advanced sensors and instrumentation, advanced manufacturing methods, and materials for multiple nuclear reactor plant and fuel applications.

Advanced innovative robust communication methods will be developed to demonstrate the ability to transmit greater amounts of data and other signals through physical boundaries in nuclear facilities. Multiple additive manufacturing techniques and a solid-phase cladding process will undergo microstructural and mechanical testing and irradiation evaluation.

A rapid qualification process for laser-based powder bed additive manufacturing will also be examined. Advanced materials characterization techniques and tools will also be developed to provided advanced methods for sample preparation and new tools and techniques for examining and understanding material microstructures in a variety of conditions ranging from as-received to treated and irradiated.

Nuclear Science User Facilities. The DOE selected eight university, two national laboratory, and one industry-led project that will take advantage of NSUF capabilities to investigate important nuclear fuel and material applications. DOE will fund more than $9 million in facility access costs and expertise for experimental neutron and ion irradiation testing, post-irradiation examination facilities, synchrotron beamline capabilities, and technical assistance for design and analysis of experiments through the NSUF.

Additionally, the Department of Energy is awarding more than $1 million for three projects at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Argonne National Laboratory for further materials and instrumentation research.

Since 2009, the Energy Department’s Office of Nuclear Energy has awarded approximately $464 million to 113 US colleges and universities to continue American leadership in clean energy innovation and to train the next generation of nuclear engineers and scientists through its university programs.

Comments

HarveyD

Nothing wrong with ongoing University support to try to find better ways to build lower cost NPPs and/or to reverse the current higher rising cost trend.

storky

No indication of how or where nuclear waste will be disposed of

solarsurfer

what about the research for anutronic fusion? There are a few companies making strides just using kickstarter money. Uranium fission research is ridiculous. At least give those starups a chance. Thorium is the answer to our nuclear waste. We had the only working reactor but was shut down since it would not produce plutonium for our Nukes.

Mannstein

@ storky

Check out the Terrestrial Energy web site and read about their molten salt reactor. It burns most of its nuclear fuel and will leave no long term highly radioactive plutonium waste with half life of hundreds of thousands of years. This technology is also intrinsically safe. Explosions and melt downs due to loss of coolant water are impossible.

There is more ways than one to skin a cat.

http://terrestrialenergy.com/imsr-technology/

storky

I've seen the "alternative" nuclear reactor options. Most produce radioactive tailings on the fuel processing side as opposed to when the fuel rods are expended and removed from the reactor core.

Nuclear reactors produce radioactive waste regardless of which process is used.

sd

@ storky

There are new reactor designs that will burn existing nuclear waste and will even burn depleted uranium and leave very little waste and virtually no high level waste. What waste is left can be re-burned. The traveling wave reactor requires no fuel processing and will burn natural uranium, spent fuel, depleted uranium or thorium. It is also possible to build subcritical reactors that require neutron injection to run.

As a point of interest, your share of the nuclear waste from a current light water reactor for a life time of power generation would fit in a coke can.

kalendjay

Molten salt reactors should receive much more attention if only because of bureaucratic dawdling in reprocessing nuclear material. MSR's can use 100% reprocessed waste with very low purity. Do something people: At least keep nuclear material in service if you are taking years to decide where to bury it.

We have already invested billions in nuclear research, so it is pointless to treat nuclear as just another "free enterprise" concern when we have already invested the money, like it or not. However, my impression is that MSR contingents are more in the spirit of free enterprise than our ponderous, governmentalized university system, which is probably invested in boiling water and fuel rods. Am I on to something here?

HarveyD

No so sure that free enterprise will finance the development of LWRs. Not enough short term profits?

Bill Gates seems to be one of the exception.

LWRs could be NPPs (lower cost) next reactor generation if $100B to $400+B in development money were available.

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