ABI Research sees V2X (Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communications) finally gaining momentum in the smart mobility industry. Illustrating this is a growing number of initiatives, trials, and product launches. Cellular V2X, aggressively promoted by the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), now offers a potentially more flexible alternative to the legacy IEEE 802.11p.
V2X use cases will now include collective perception, remote sensor fusion, and cooperative mobility. This is happening as awareness grows surrounding the critical role of V2X to bring the reliability and robustness needed for level 4/5 vehicle automation.
Though gaining traction, the V2X industry has not yet come up with a credible, convincing strategy for widespread installation, adoption, and use of V2X capabilities, which require near 100% penetration levels. Relying on consumers to pay for optional V2X functionality and thereby achieving widespread consumer adoption within reasonable timeframes is wishful thinking, especially when taking into account long vehicle replacement cycles. Moreover, efforts to impose a V2V mandate in the US remain surrounded by uncertainty amidst mounting discussions about radio spectrum.
A more realistic scenario would be to equip vehicles designed for car sharing with V2X tech within smart city and Mobility as a Service contexts. This would avoid the pitfalls of B2C models and instead leverage fleet-based B2B approaches.—Dominique Bonte, Managing Director and Vice President at ABI Research
In the meantime, the V2X paradigm is becoming increasingly diversified and will extend to market adjacencies such as Vehicle-to-Home (V2H) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G).
V2X will evolve into a ubiquitous IoT-like, cross vertical connectivity and application paradigm, one that reaches far beyond the initial narrow scope of active vehicle safety and the DSRC/WAVE protocol.—Dominique Bonte
These findings are from ABI Research’s V2X and Cooperative Mobility Use Cases report.