Linde LLC has submitted a California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) pathway application for hydrogen produced by the steam methane reforming (SMR) of North American Natural Gas. The hydrogen is liquefied at a facility in Ontario, California, then re-gasified and compressed at Linde refueling stations.
Linde is basing its application on three months of electricity use data at two Linde hydrogen fueling stations. The company is requesting a provisional carbon intensity (CI) of 165.88 gCO2e/MJ for the proposed pathway. The CI value is based on lifecycle analysis conducted using the CA-GREET 2.0 Tier 2 model.
The well-to-wheel (WTW) fuel cycle analysis includes the production of liquid H2 at the Praxair facility in Ontario, California; transportation to the Linde stations; and compression at the fuel stations.