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Hydrogen Council quadruples size in 18 months

The Hydrogen Council, a global CEO coalition for hydrogen technologies, is welcoming an additional 14 members, a second major wave of growth this year. Eight companies are joining the group at steering member level: Airbus, Air Products, Cummins, EDF, Johnson Matthey, KOGAS, SINOPEC and thyssenkrupp, alongside six new members at supporting level: AFC Energy, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Re-Fire Technology, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, Sumitomo Corporation, and Southern California Gas. In addition, Faurecia is upgrading its membership to steering level.

As a result, the Hydrogen Council now brings together 53 leading companies, accounting for 3.8 million jobs and €1.8 trillion in revenue from across 11 different countries. The group has more than quadrupled in size since launching at the World Economic Forum just 18 months ago.

The announcement comes ahead of the Council’s next annual CEO meeting that will take place during the Global Climate Action Summit (GCAS) in San Francisco, USA next week. The meeting will see C-suite leaders of Council member companies come together for a day of strategic discussions, action planning and engagement with stakeholders, all geared towards delivering on a joint vision of hydrogen averting 6 Gt of CO2 emissions, creating a $2.5-trillion market and providing employment for more than 30 million people by mid-century. The Council has been also invited to present its work as part of the GCAS program.

Comments

Davemart

This and rapidly dropping costs are why the hydrogen infrastructure will be successfully rolled out.

Engineer-Poet

Where's the evidence for this falling cost, Davemart?

One of the biggest problems with hypedrogen is storage; there are no good ways to hold bulk quantities for long periods.  Room-temperature liquids like MeOH don't have this problem.  If we had something like an auto-reforming PEMFC based on a ceramic PEM, H2 tankage is replaced with MeOH and maybe CO2 tankage.  This is vastly cheaper, and CO2 can be stored geologically or as a pressurized liquid.

Crunching numbers, 1 liter (792 g) of MeOH makes 1089 g of CO2 which occupies 1.82 liters at 30 C.  Call it 2 liters.  1 liter of MeOH has a heat of combustion of 17.9 MJ, or 8.95 MJ per liter of effluent.  The density of H2 gas at 700 bar is slightly less than 40 g/liter, or about 5.66 MJ/liter.  Besides allowing much lower-pressure and cheaper tanks, the self-reforming methanol FC has considerably higher energy density even if the CO2 is captured and stored on-board.

Conclusion:  hypedrogen is still a dead end.

Roger Pham

@E-P,
Hydrogen is a gas, and thus can be stored in existing Natural Gas reservoirs and depleted Oil and NG wells, also in salt caverns.

Roger Pham

@E-P,
Hydrogen is a gas, thus it can be stored in existing natural gas reservoirs, depleted oil and gas wells, and in salt caverns wherever available. Hydrogen can be supplied to each house in existing natural gas piping. We're simply replacing natural gas with Hydrogen, that's all.

Renewable-energy Methanol is also viable wherever there are no local residential gas piping, kinda like heating oil right now, but renewable-energy Hydrogen should be cheaper to produce and more efficient from source to end-user applications.

Engineer-Poet

No, Roger, it can't.  Many if not most NG reservoirs cannot be used to store hydrogen.

CH4 is a very stable molecule because of its high heat of formation, which is why it is a preferred metabolic waste product of anaerobes; it can't get metabolized into other things because those reactions go uphill.  H2 is quite the opposite; bacteria will readily metabolize H2 plus sulfur minerals or metals to make H2S or other compounds, which turns your fuel into unrecoverable side products.

Then you have the problem of areas like New England which are built on granite and have no geological reservoirs at all.  They can't even stash their own natural gas, which is why they ran short during last January's cold snap and nearly ran out of backup fuel oil to keep the grid powered.  At 1/3 the volumetric energy density of methane, hydrogen is an even worse "solution".  You can build surface tank farms for liquids, but seasonal storage of slippery molecules like H2 is a pipe dream.

gryf

In the U.S. two companies, ConocoPhillips and Praxair, currently store hydrogen underground. The hydrogen is stored in salt caverns, both which are located within the Clemens salt dome in Lake Jackson, Texas. (Reference: https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/progress09/iii_22_snider_lord.pdf
Praxair supplies approximately 170 million standard cubic feet per day of hydrogen (not renewable) to the Yara Freeport LLC, world-scale ammonia plant in Freeport, Texas 50 miles away. The plant, which is a joint venture between Yara International and BASF, has a capacity of 750,000 metric tons per year.
(Reference: Market Insider, Apr. 12, 2018 Press Release "Praxair Starts Up Gas Supply to New World-Scale Yara Freeport LLC Ammonia Plant".)

Engineer-Poet
The hydrogen is stored in salt caverns, both which are located within the Clemens salt dome

And there you have it, one of the few reservoirs free of sulfur and metal oxides which bacteria can use as oxidizer to go with their hydrogen.

Salt domes are located exclusively in sedimentary deposits where evaporites have been covered by other sediments forming an impermeable cap layer.  They aren't exactly uncommon, but they are scarce enough that they can't form the basis of e.g. a widespread CAES system.

Needless to say, there are no salt domes to be found within the granites of New England.

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