Notre Dame team develops plasma-enabled catalysis for ammonia production at milder conditions at smaller scale

The Haber-Bosch process developed in the early 1900s relies on non-renewable fossil fuels and large, centralized chemical plants for the large-scale synthesis of ammonia at elevated temperatures (~700 K) and pressures (~100atm). Researchers at the University of Notre Dame have now developed a sustainable low-temperature and -pressure ammonia synthesis process... Read more →

Japan team reports pathway to green ammonia: photocatalytic conversion of nitrogen with water

Researchers in Japan report that a commercially available TiO2 with a large number of surface oxygen vacancies, when photo-irradiated by UV light in pure water with nitrogen—successfully produces ammonia (NH3). The solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency is 0.02%, which is the highest efficiency among the early reported photocatalytic systems. This is,... Read more →

DOE releasing $20M in funding to ARPA-E awardees; NEXTCAR and REFUEL projects

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is honoring additional commitments to 10 previously selected Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) awardees for a total of $20 million. This completes the approval process for projects selected in ARPA-E’s Next-Generation Energy Technologies for Connected and Autonomous On-Road Vehicles (NEXTCAR) (earlier post) and Renewable... Read more →

DOE moving forward with $11.1M in funding for three ARPA-E projects

The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced that it is honoring commitments to several previously selected Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) awardees, with funding of a combined $11.1 million. They are among the first awardees to move forward following the Department’s review of all taxpayer funded grants and projects, intended... Read more →

CSIRO team working to commercialize membrane separating H2 from NH3; opening up an export market for Australia renewable H2

Researchers at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have years of experience researching the best ways to separate pure hydrogen from mixed gas streams. Now, the researchers have developed a thin metal membrane that can separate high-purity hydrogen from ammonia used as a hydrogen carrier. Ammonia (NH3) has... Read more →

Researchers at Oita University in Japan have developed an innovative process for the production of hydrogen from ammonia without the need for an external heat source to initiate or maintain the reaction. An open access paper on their work is published in the journal Science Advances. Liquid ammonia (NH3) has... Read more →

Study finds vehicles more important source of urban atmospheric ammonia than farms

Vehicle tailpipes are a more important source of ammonia’s contribution to urban air pollution than is agriculture, according to a study by researchers from the US and China. The paper is published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. Atmospheric ammonia (NH3) reacts with nitric and sulfuric acids to... Read more →

ARPA-E awards $35M to 16 REFUEL projects for energy-dense carbon-neutral liquid fuels; leveraging ammonia

The Energy Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) has selected 16 projects for a combined $35 million in funding under the new program “Renewable Energy to Fuels Through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL)”. (Earlier post.) The 16 REFUEL projects seek to develop scalable technologies for converting water and molecules from... Read more →

Northwestern team develops light-driven catalyst that can convert atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia under ambient conditions

Northwestern University scientists have developed a catalyst that can convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia under natural conditions. In a paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, they report that chalcogels containing FeMoS inorganic clusters are capable of photochemically reducing N2 to NH3 under white light irradiation, in... Read more →

RAL researchers are proposing a new process for the decomposition of ammonia to release hydrogen that involves the stoichiometric decomposition and formation of sodium amide from Na metal. Credit: ACS, David et al. Click to enlarge. Researchers at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in the UK are proposing a new... Read more →

Researchers demonstrate electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from air and water under mild conditions

Researchers from the University of Strathclyde and the University of St. Andrews have demonstrated that ammonia can be synthesized directly from air (instead of N2) and H2O (instead of H2) under a mild condition (room temperature, one atmosphere) with supplied electricity which can be obtained from renewable resources such as... Read more →

The new pretreatment approach uses ammonia (NH3) to reorganize the hydrogen bond network within cellulose, resulting in up to a 5-fold increase in saccharification rates. Credit: ACS, Chundawat et al. Click to enlarge. Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL, the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research... Read more →

Conceptual ASDS system. Click to enlarge. Global emissions-control company Faurecia will become a strategic shareholder of Amminex A/S—the Danish developer of the Ammonia Storage and Delivery System (ASDS) (earlier post)—by taking a 21.2% stake, a transaction valued at DKK 146.4 million (US$26 million). The Amminex ASDS is a gaseous Selective... Read more →

DB has lowered its advanced lithium-ion battery cost projection by about 30% for 2012. Click to enlarge. In a December 2010 research note on the 2011 outlook for the oil market, Deutsche Bank (DB) analysts have revised their earlier expectations of the pace of near-term transportation electrification trends (slower) and... Read more →

Acta Launches Catalyst for Ammonia Reforming

Acta ammonia electrolysis. Click to enlarge. Anglo-Italian catalyst maker Acta recently introduced a new catalyst for the decomposition of ammonia into hydrogen and nitrogen by reforming. The HYPERMEC 10010 is a ruthenium-based catalyst which delivers ammonia conversion at 400°C. This catalyst is available in powder or pellet form. The current... Read more →

Ohio University Licenses Ammonia Electrolyzer Technology to American Hydrogen

Ohio University has granted a worldwide exclusive license to American Hydrogen Corporation, a subsidiary of American Security Resources Corp., to commercialize the patent-pending catalytic electrolyzer technology developed by Ohio University’s Dr. Gerardine Botte, associate professor of Chemical and Bio-Molecular Engineering at the Russ College of Engineering and Technology. Ammonia electrolysis... Read more →

Hydrogen Engine Center Demonstrates Ammonia/Hydrogen Engine

Hydrogen Engine Center, Inc. (HEC) demonstrated its proprietary ammonia/hydrogen-fueled Oxx Power engine (earlier post) just prior to the annual shareholders’ meeting in Algona, Iowa on 30 May. The test engine—one of the company’s 4.9-liter, 6-cylinder units—was designed to use HEC’s proprietary Oxx Boxx engine controller and a dual-fuel injection system.... Read more →

Hydrogen Engine Center Building Ammonia-Fueled System

Hydrogen Engine Center will work together with Sawtelle & Rosprim to design and build the world’s first Ammonia-Fueled Irrigation Pump System for the purpose of meeting California’s new emissions requirements scheduled to go into effect in 2010. Plans include integrating HEC’s ammonia-powered engines with Sawtelle’s pump technologies and expertise to... Read more →