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H2 Buses for Beijing

The Chinese Ministry of Science and technology (MST) announced at HYFORUM in Beijing that China is buying three DaimlerChrysler hydrogen fuel cell Citaro buses by next September, according to Xinhuanet.

“China is formulating its energy strategy for the next two decades and hydrogen energy -- as a kind of clean, efficient, safe and sustainable energy resource -- has been put on the nation’s energy development priority list,” Shi [Dinghuan, MST’s secretary general] said. “...hydrogen energy is in the direction of future development in that China has abundant hydrogen production with an annual production capacity reaching 8 million tons,” he added.

Shi was echoed by Professor Mao Zongqiang, of Beijing's Tsinghua University, who said that, with the daily decrease of oil resources and surging prices, the advantages of hydrogen energy will stand out in the future when the high cost of pollution is taken into consideration.

DaimlerChrysler has been promoting the Mercedes-Benz Citaro, powered by a Ballard fuel cell, in a variety of trials in Europe.

DaimlerChrysler is introducing the first hydrogen-powered buses in Europe. Some 30 city buses based on the Mercedes-Benz Citaro are operating in ten major European cities: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Hamburg, London, Luxembourg, Madrid, Porto, Reykjavik, Stockholm and Stuttgart.

Twelve metres long, the Citaro has a range of approximately 200 kilometres, a top speed of 80 km/h and a capacity for up to 70 passengers, depending on individual customer specifications. The 200 kilowatt fuel cell unit and the pressure cylinders containing hydrogen compressed to 350 bar, are located on the roof of the Citaro bus. The electric motor and the automatic transmission are located in the rear of the bus.

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