The Department of Energy made hydrogen research grants worth $15.6 million during the last week. Here’s a brief summary. The designated grantees in some projects are the lead partners of a group.
|DOE H2 Research Grants|
14 Oct 04
REB Research & Consulting (Ferndale, MI)
Developing metallic membrane technology for hydrogen separation at the level of hydrogen fuel purity required for PEM fuel cells.
14 Oct 04
Virent Energy Systems (Madison, WI)
Developing a one-step process for reforming (i.e. chemically converting) biomass liquids into hydrogen for small scale distributed systems. Small-scale distributed reforming systems could be used at existing gasoline stations thereby eliminating the need for a substantial hydrogen transport and delivery infrastructure. The research focuses on reforming a liquid solution directly, rather than changing it to a gas before converting it to hydrogen.
13 Oct 04
Midwest Optoelectronics (Toledo, OH)
Developing solar electrochemical technologies that capture energy from sunlight and split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen.
13 Oct 04
Ohio State University Research Foundation (Columbus, OH)
Developing a low cost catalyst to help convert ethanol into hydrogen when using reforming (i.e. chemical conversion) processes. Small-scale distributed reforming systems could be used at existing gasoline stations thereby eliminating the need for a substantial hydrogen transport and delivery infrastructure.
8 Oct 04
Media and Process Technology Inc. (Pittsburgh, PA)
Developing a membrane system that combines the water-gas-shift reaction for hydrogen production with a membrane for hydrogen purification into a single step. The single stage operation under the low temperature shift condition is a great opportunity to reduce hydrogen production capital and operating costs.
8 Oct 04
Air Products and Chemicals Inc. (Allentown, PA)
Developing a reversible liquid-phase hydrogen carrier technology for transporting hydrogen from its central production facility to the point of use. The proposed carrier is a low-volatility fluid that can be stored and transported using the current liquid fuels infrastructure, thereby potentially reducing the amount of new infrastructure investment needed. Hydrogen delivery infrastructure is a major barrier to widespread use of hydrogen in vehicular and stationary fuel cells.
Aside from the amazing coincidence that all the awards were in swing states in the upcoming Presidential election, they have in common a focus on streamlining hydrogen production. The biomass and photochemical projects are extremely interesting, as the energy use profile (and GHG emissions) would be considerably lower than any hydrogen production involving fossil fuels.
Information from the DOE on the awards is available here.