The US EPA is awarding $1.6 million to 18 grantees for projects to demonstrate effective emissions reduction strategies for diesel fleets. The grantees are State and local governmental organizations, including air agencies and port authorities, and non-governmental organizations.
The announcement follows on the heels of an independent report released yesterday that concludes some 21,000 people in the US die prematurely each year due to epxosure to diesel PM. (Earlier post)
Each demonstration project reduces the impacts of pollution on a population that is especially susceptible to the effects of diesel exhaust, including children, the elderly and the chronically ill.
The 18 recipients will use the grant funding to retrofit a variety of diesel vehicles, including construction, agricultural and port equipment, refuse haulers, fire trucks, ambulances and locomotives. Most of the projects include the fitting of diesel oxidation catalysts.
Diesel oxidation catalysts oxdize CO and HC to CO2 and H2O. They also can reduce PM emissions depending upon the soluble organic fraction (SOF) content of the PM.
Some projects include the use of particulate filters, and one supports the conversion of waste haulers to CNG.
A list of the grantees and projects follows, ranked by size of award.
Sacramento (CA) Metropolitan Air Quality Management District (SMAQMD) will retrofit commuter rail locomotives that run between Sacramento and Oakland with a system designed to reduce PM and NOx emissions. Federal grant: $150,000.
Miami-Dade (FL) Department of Environmental Resources Management (DERM) will use ultra-low sulfur diesel and diesel particulate filters in their retrofits of vehicles that transport elderly and chronically ill people. Ultra-low sulfur diesel will be available for 500 vehicles. Federal grant: $150,000.
The Port of Houston (TX) Authority will retrofit rubber tired gantry cranes and terminal tractors with diesel oxidation catalysts and diesel emulsion. Federal grant: $150,000.
Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) proposes to retrofit refuse-collection trucks in the South Bronx area of New York City. They will use diesel oxidation catalysts, crankcase filtration systems, and ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel. Federal grant: $136,180.
American Lung Association of Missouri (ALAMO)is partnering with the City of St. Louis and the St. Louis Association of Community Organizations to retrofit refuse trucks with diesel oxidation catalysts and crankcase controls. Federal grant: $124,952.
The City of Milwaukee (WI) will retrofit vehicles in their waste hauler fleet with diesel oxidation catalysts. Federal grant: $90,000.
The City of Cambridge in partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology will install diesel oxidation catalysts, diesel particulate filters, ultra-low sulfur diesel, biodiesel, crankcase filters, and cetane enhancers on garbage and dump trucks, bobcats, backhoes, and front loaders. Federal grant: $83,467.
The Massachusetts Port Authority will retrofit container delivery vehicles operating at one of Boston's marine cargo terminals. The grant will enable MPA to retrofit delivery trucks with diesel oxidation catalysts and retrofit nonroad engines with diesel oxidation catalysts and ultra-low sulfur diesel. Federal grant: $82,800.
Regional Air Quality Council of the Denver (CO) area will install diesel oxidation catalysts and closed crankcase filtration systems on nonroad vehicles at construction sites. Federal grant: $75,000.
Maryland Department of Environmental Management (MD DEM) is partnering with the Baltimore Fire Department to reduce emissions from fire trucks and ambulances with diesel oxidation catalysts and crankcase filters. Federal grant: $75,000.
The County of Fairfax (VA) will retrofit solid waste collection vehicles, transfer tractors, and other dump trucks with diesel oxidation catalysts. Fairfax County will use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel. Federal grant: $75,000.
The Port of Tacoma (WA) will retrofit diesel port straddle carriers used to move containers and cargo on and off ships with diesel oxidation catalysts. Federal grant: $75,000.
The Yakima (WA) Regional Clean Air Authority will retrofit their existing utility fleet of highway and nonroad vehicles and equipment with diesel oxidation catalysts. Federal grant: $75,000.
The Town of Trumbull (CT) plans to repower three diesel waste collection vehicles with compressed natural gas engines and fuel. Federal grant: $60,000.
Illinois EPA will put diesel oxidation catalysts on equipment used in the Dan Ryan Expressway Construction Project. Federal grant: $60,000.
The Los Angeles Public Works Department will retrofit diesel particulate filters on vehicles with both onroad and nonroad engines. They will also use Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuel. Federal grant: $50,000.
The Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) will retrofit agricultural equipment with diesel oxidation catalysts. Federal grant: $50,000.
The Cleveland (OH) School District will retrofit school buses with diesel particulate filters and use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel. Federal grant: $50,000.