The new VTEC system uses its valve timing control system to deliver acceleration performance equivalent to a 2.0-liter engine and fuel economy approximately 6% better than the current 1.7-liter Civic engine. During cruising, the new engine achieves fuel economy equivalent to that of a 1.5-liter engine.
In a conventional engine, the throttle valve is normally partly closed under low-load conditions to control the intake volume of the fuel-air mixture. During this time, pumping losses are incurred due to intake resistance, and this is one factor that leads to reduced engine efficiency.
The i-VTEC engine delays intake valve closure timing to control the intake volume of the air-fuel mixture, allowing the throttle valve to remain wide open even under low-load conditions for a major reduction in pumping losses of up to 16%. Combined with friction-reducing measures, this results in an increase in fuel efficiency for the engine itself.
A DBW (Drive By Wire) system provides high-precision control over the throttle valve while the valve timing is being changed over, delivering smooth driving performance that leaves the driver unaware of any torque fluctuations.
Other innovations in the new VTEC include a variable-length intake manifold to further improve intake efficiency and piston oil jets that cool the pistons to suppress engine knock.
The new engine delivers 103 kW (138 hp) and maximum torque of 174 Nm (128 lb-ft). It uses a 2-bed catalytic converter positioned immediately after the manifold and high-precision air-fuel ratio control to achieve emission levels 75% below 2005 Japanese government standards (based on Honda in-house testing).
In addition, lower block construction resulting in a more rigid engine frame, aluminum rocker arms, high-strength cracked connecting rods, a narrow, silent cam chain, and other innovations make the engine more compact and lightweight. It is both lighter and shorter overall than the current Civic 1.7-liter engine, and quieter as well.
|Specifications for the 1.8l i-VTEC engine|
|Engine type and number of cylinders||Water-cooled in-line 4-cylinder|
|Max power||103 kW (138 hp)|
|Torque||174 Nm (128 lb-ft)|
Honda video overview of new 1.8-liter i-VTEC