According to an analysis for the European organization Transport and Environment (T&E), new cars sold in Europe in 2005 produced on average 160 grams of CO2 per kilometer, a reduction of only 1% from 2004. Improvements in fuel economy lead to decreases in carbon dioxide emissions.
That rate of improvement is only one-third of the rate required to achieve the voluntary target the industry committed to the EU in 1998 of 140 g/km by 2008. Average emissions of new cars sold in the (then) 15 EU Member States was 186 g/km in 1995.
The EU’s goal is to reach an average CO2 emission figure of 120 g/km for all new passenger cars marketed in the Union by 2010 at the latest.
To achieve the voluntary, interim 140 g/km goal, carmakers would need to deliver improvements of 4.3% per year for the next three years. To date, the best annual performance was 2.9% in 2000, according to T&E. The European Commission monitors the progress by carmakers toward meeting the committment. Last year, the Commission already noted that the rate of improvement was below that required to meet the target. The Commission will release its report on progress in 2004 (not 2005) later this year.
R.L. Polk Marketing Systems GmbH in Germany was the source of the sales and CO2 data for 2005 new car sales used by the Institute for European Environmental Policy in the analysis for T&E.
Frost & Sullivan earlier this year forecast that all European automakers are likely to hybridize their vehicles to some degree—micro, mild and full—by the end of the decade due to meeting the stringent emission requirements combined with increasing fuel prices. (Earlier post.)
Annual reports for monitoring the average specific emissions of carbon dioxide from new passenger cars