|Top 5 global ethanol producers in 2005. Click to enlarge.|
Financial Express. The Indian Government will require refiners to blend 5% ethanol in gasoline starting in October 2006, and may increase that to a 10% requirement the following year, depending upon the success of the program. The standards will apply to both public and private sectors.
India’s central government first mandated the use of a maximum of 5% ethanol as an oxygenate in Bharat III level fuels in its “Auto Fuels Policy” of September 2003. Bharat III is equivalent to Euro 3, and was rolled out first to 11 major cities, with the rest of the country to follow by 2010. (Earlier post.)
In 2004, the Central Government increased the E5 mandate to cover sales in 10 states and 3 union territories. India as a whole has 28 states and seven union territories.
The revised mandate would apply to the entire country. Indian Petroleum minister Murli Deora has asked IOC, BPCL and HPCL to prepare for this by making necessary changes at the gasoline pumps and also simultaneously hold talks with ethanol producers to ensure adequate supply.
India is the fourth largest global producer of ethanol behind the US, Brazil and China, in that order.
India Auto Fuel Policy (2003)