|The layout of the fuel-cell bus. Click to enlarge.|
Toyota Motor (TMC) and Hino announced that the hydrogen fuel-cell hybrid FCHV-BUS, which operated on public routes in mid-March around the Central Japan International Airport (Centrair) south of Nagoya (earlier post), is to renew operation on 22 July, including expanded service to and within the airport.
The effort is part of a fuel cell demonstration program of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry’s (METI) Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project (JHFC) and is intended to provide Toyota and others with data necessary for the commercialization of fuel cell hybrid buses.
Toyota and Hino jointly developed the FCHV-BUS, with Toyota developing the fuel cell hybrid system and Hino the vehicle body and other components of the bus. The FCHV bus uses twin fuel cell stacks and traction motors combined with a version of Toyota’s THS-II hybrid drive and management systems (used in the Prius).
|Fuel Cell||Name||Toyota FC Stack|
|Output (kW)||90 x 2|
|Maximum Output (kW / HP)||80 / 107 x 2|
|Maximum torque (Nm / lb-ft)||260 / 192 x 2|
|Maximum pressure (psi)||5,000|
|Performance||Max range (km / miles)||250 / 155|
|Maximum Speed (km/h / mph)||80 / 50|
The FCHV-BUS (fuel cell hybrid vehicle—bus) will cover the entire Tokoname Bus Route, from the Chitahanda stop to the route’s terminal Centrair stop, as well as a circular route on the airport’s man-made island. The bus will be operated by Chitanoriai Co., Ltd. (Chitanoriai), with which TMC and Hino teamed up to operate the bus from March 9 to 22 around Centrair as part of the Fuel Cell Vehicle Practical Application Promotion Project of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MLIT).
Furthermore, with the cooperation of Chubu Sky Support Co., Ltd. (CSS), two units of the FCHV-BUS will be used by CSS to shuttle passengers between Centrair’s passenger terminal and airplanes on the tarmac.
The buses will be fueled at the JHFC Centrair Hydrogen Station, which will be set up within Centrair as part of the JHFC's Demonstration Study of Hydrogen Fueling Facilities for Fuel Cell Vehicles.
The National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory, which serves as the main institution conducting research for the Fuel Cell Vehicle Practical Application Promotion Project of the MLIT, made an appeal to private companies in January 2006 to find companies interested in public road-testing of fuel cell buses. TMC and Hino jointly responded and were selected.
The Japan Automobile Research Institute, which is promoting the JHFC under METI, made an appeal in April of 2006 for third-party participant companies and organizations to run a fleet of fuel cell vehicles. TMC and Hino responded jointly and were selected.