|Hydrogen sources and uses from the NY Hydrogen Roadmap. Click to enlarge.
New York Governor George Pataki announced plans today for a hydropower - to - hydrogen generation project. The project is expected to serve a number of hydrogen-fueled work and passenger vehicles and transit buses and corresponds with the New York State Hydrogen Roadmap.
The New York Power Authority’s Trustees authorized up to $21 million for the hydropower-to-hydrogen initiative, with potential sites at Niagara Falls State Park and at Western New York locations operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA). Various other state and federal government organizations and corporations are also expected to partner in the pioneering project, with hydrogen production anticipated by the end of 2007.
The NYPA board’s action followed an engineering feasibility study earlier this year by the Power Authority and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to determine the size of the electrolysis units for producing hydrogen and the possible vehicle demonstration models for the initiative, with fuel cells and other hydrogen engines.
When fully implemented within three years, the demonstration project—consisting of two hydrogen generation stations, plus storage and fueling facilities—will be producing up to 120 kilograms (kg) per day of hydrogen. (One kg of hydrogen has the energy equivalent of approximately one gallon of gasoline.)
The hydrogen generation and fueling stations will use up to 700 kW of hydropower. The Power Authority would provide the hydropower from its Niagara Power Project to the NFTA, which is authorized to receive NYPA allocations under state law. The agency currently receives hydropower allocations for a light-rail system and the Niagara Falls Air Base.
The hydrogen generation stations will cost approximately $7.5 million, including infrastructure upgrades and educational displays. An additional investment of $13.5 million is required for the hydrogen-fueled vehicles.
New York State Hydrogen Energy Vision & Roadmap (Overview presentation)