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European Parliament Adopts Implementation Dates for Euro 5

The European Parliament this week adopted a legislative report for the implementation of Euro 5 emissions standards beginning 1 September 2009 for private cars (M1), with a transition period extending up to 1 January 2011. Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) regarded the 18-month implementation deadline suggested by the Commission—which wanted to introduce Euro 5 standards in mid-2008—as too early.

The Parliament vote still needs to be confirmed by the EU Member States. A political agreement is expected early during the German EU Presidency.

The standards will begin to apply to vehicles with a maximum laden weight of more than 2,500 kg or to seat seven or more people and light commercial vehicles (N1) 1 September 2010, with transition periods extending until 1 January 2012.

The new legislation also requires information on vehicle repairs to be easily available to independent repairers.

The Euro 5 standards will cut permitted PM (particles) emissions from new diesel cars by 80% compared to the Euro 4 standards. The Euro 6 standards will cut permitted nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions from diesel cars by roughly 50% compared with Euro 5, which might force application of NOx after treatment technology such as lean NOx traps (LNT) or Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR).

Parliament tightened the EC’s proposed Euro 5 limit values for emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) for compression ignition (CI) vehicles by a further 10%—i.e. 180 mg/km rather than 200 mg/km as earlier specified.

Parliament also voted to retain the Euro 4 standard for “total hydrocarbons” to support the use of CNG-fueled vehicles, and to introduce into the tables in Annex I an additional column for “non-methane hydrocarbons” so that a tougher hydrocarbons limit value is retained for gasoline-powered vehicles.

For the subsequent Euro-6 standards, MEPs are suggesting September 2014 for private cars (M1) and 1 September 2015 for light commercial vehicles (N1). Transition periods would run up to 1 September 2015 and 1 September 2016 respectively.

Without further strengthening of the NOx limits, however, Euro 6 standards will not meet the US EPA Tier 2 Bin 5 / CA LEV II requirements for passenger cars, meaning that Euro 6 cars—not due for 8+ years—would not qualify for 50-state sale in the US now.

European environmental groups reacted negatively to the implementation timing.

The European Parliament has thrown away the opportunity to fix many of Europe’s severe urban air quality problems using technologies that are already available. Instead, Europeans will have to wait until 2015 to buy a diesel car as clean as those already on sale in America.

—Jos Dings, director of Transport & Environment

The European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), however, commented that the limits are extremely challenging, and that their implementation will likely have a negative impact on the reduction of CO2 emissions by affecting the market for small diesel cars.

The European car industry will do its utmost to meet the extremely ambitious targets within the set time frame. What concerns us, is that the proposed limit values will not only be extremely difficult to meet, but will have a significant counter-productive effect on reducing CO2 emissions from passenger cars. They also pose a serious risk for the market of small diesel cars.

—Ivan Hodac, secretary general ACEA



Keep the Mid 2008 intro for Euro5, but make it more voluntary. Have everything else as is in new schedule.


I find Mr. Ding's statement to be somewhat amusing, for the simple reason that there are virtually no diesel cars on sale here in America, because the standards are so tough to meet.

More generally, I would find it useful to see a report posted in this forum (or linked from here) comparing the Euro 4, 5 and 6 standards to existing and proposed American EPA and CARB standards. Can anyone point out and existing one to me?


Check http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/, there is a comprehensive list of emissions regulations all over the world. The EURO5 / EURO6 standards are not yet updated there, though...

Anyway, US FTP Tier 2 standards are already much tougher too meet, due to the higher milage requirements, but also due to slightly different testing (there is no hot soak test in EURO standards...) :)

Some time ago, a european car manufacturer spokesperson complained about the diverse emission standards all over the world, that it's a engineering challenge too meet all these...

Personally, I would not have anything against adopting the FTP Tier 2 standards in europe (althought the aim of the rant was probably to have "easy" EURO standards adopted in the US).

I also like the fleet emission limit requirements, which get tougher and thougher, as specified in Tier 2...

On a side-note: The US Prius is FTP Tier 2 Bin 3, but the EU Prius (still the cleanest car one can buy around here) would classify only as Bin 5-7...


Terrible! The cost to implement diesel particulate and NOx aftertreatment pales in comparison to the cost of treating the injury to the European population from transportation based air pollution. These slow improvements won't significantly affect our lungs for decades. These bureaucrats are legislating for their great grandchildren, not their constituents or their own wallets. Understanding that new coal-fired powerplants using less than ideal technologies are also all too common, the EU really needs to stick its face into the winds of change - and fast. The nuclear plants are aging. We need to see a legislative mandate to install approved aftermarket particulate treatment in ALL diesel (and over the limit gasoline) trucks and cars, begun in ~2 years and completed in ~4 years. Older vehicles not worthy of upgrade need to be scrapped. There should be a buy-back program sponsored by government. Euro 6 should be in full force by 2010, and needs to be accorded worldwide for rational trade. There's no excuse. We'll all save money on our taxes to support our medical systems. Next - ban tobacco!


Europe suck - the Germans will do the best to support their car industry.

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