|European ethanol producers in 2006. Click to enlarge.|
European ethanol production rose 71% in 2006 to around 1.56 billion liters (412 million gallons US), according to data published by eBio, the European Bioethanol Fuel Association.
Germany had the highest production at 431 million liters, representing 27% of the European total. Spain was a close second at 402 million liters and 26% of the market total. France’s internal ethanol production has grown strongly, now 250 million liters or 16%, due to additional government support measures.
|Growth in European ethanol production.|
There was no change in the total number of Member States—11—producing bioethanol fuel. Finland’s lack of production in 2006 was offset by the Czech Republic producing ethanol for the first time.
eBio expects to see an increase in the number of countries producing ethanol this year and next. The association estimates the EU consumed just over 1.7 billion liters of ethanol in 2006. Brazil accounted for just over 230 million liters of the imported volume.
Among the plants being planned, Iran is building Europe’s first ethanol refinery in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Iran cannot cultivate corn due to the shortage of water, according to Managing Director of Mashal Khazar Darya (MKD) Esmaeil Shahmir. The US$150 million contract guarantees the allocation of a parcel of land to the project for 50 years. The fuel will be exported to Austria, Germany, and Black Sea.