|The new Fiat 500.|
Fiat presented its much-anticipated new Fiat 500 at an evening launch party on 4 July in Turin, Italy, 50 years after the introduction of the first Fiat 500. The iconic Cinquecento (500) has been out of production for 32 years.
Developed by the Fiat Style Centre and manufactured at the Fiat plant in Poland, the new 500 is a 3-door model that offers a choice of three engines: a 75 bhp 1.3 16v Multijet turbodiesel with DPF and two gasoline units (a 69 bhp 1.2 8v and a 100 bhp 1.4 16v). All the engines—which are manufactured by Fiat Powertrain Technologies—are Euro 4-compliant and are designed to meet the coming Euro 5 standards.
The 69 bhp Fire 1.2-liter 8v delivers 51 kW (69 bhp) at 5,500 rpm, and peak torque of 102 Nm (75 lb-ft) at 3,000 rpm, with a top speed of 160 km/h (99 mph). Fuel consumption is 5.1 l/100km (46 mpg US) in the combined cycle, with CO2 emissions of 119 g/km.
The Fire engine for the 500 uses an electronic throttle valve control system. A new high turbulence combustion chamber combined with a continuous variable cam phaser allows a substantial part of the exhaust gases (about 25%) to be recirculated in the combustion chamber, significantly reducing fuel consumption and exhaust emissions when driving with a partial load. The timing components have been made lighter and the valve springs are of the low load type, to reduce friction.
The 1.2 8v fits a catalytic converter in the engine bay, welded to the exhaust manifold flange. In this position the device reaches high temperatures very rapidly thus abating emissions even while the engine is warming up.
Fitted with a Borg-Warner fixed geometry turbo (of the waste-gate type) with an intercooler, the 75 bhp 1.3-liter Multijet 16v delivers a maximum of 75 bhp (55 kW at 4,000 rpm) and torque of 145 Nm (107 lb-ft) at 1,500 rpm. Fuel consumption is 4.2 l/100km (56 mpg US) in the combined cycle, with CO2 of 111 g/km.
The emissions control system uses an EGR valve triggered electronically and managed directly by the engine control system, a heat exchanger to cool recirculating exhaust gas (EGR) and a close-coupled catalytic converter. The particulate trap (DPF) is standard equipment.
The 1.4-liter 16v Fire engine delivers a maximum of 73.5 kW (100 bhp) at 6,000 rpm and peak torque of 131 Nm (97 lb-ft) at 4,250 rpm. The new car has a top speed of 182 km/h (113 mph), and fuel consumption in the combined cycle of 6.3 l/100km (37 mpg US).
The 500 offers three transmissions: a 5-speed manual for the 1.2 and 1.3; a 6-speed manual for the 1.4; and automated manual Dualogic for the 1.2 and 1.4 models after the launch.