APEC Calls for “Aspirational Goal” of 25% Reduction in Energy Intensity to Reduce GHG Emissions, Supports A Post-Kyoto Agreement
APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) leaders issued a joint declaration at the end of their summit calling for an “aspirational goal” of a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25% by 2030 (with 2005 as the base year) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The “Sydney Declaration on Climate Change, Energy Security and Clean Development” suggests that all economies should contribute to the goal, “taking into account national circumstances and allowing for a range of market-based policy measures.”
The declaration says that the member countries will also work to increase forest cover by at least 20 million hectares by 2020. The additional forest cover would store approximately 1.4 billion tonnes of carbon, equivalent to around 11% of annual global emissions (in 2004), according to the statement.
Other items in the “APEC Action Agenda” are:
Establishing an Asia-Pacific Network for Energy Technology (APNet) to strengthen collaboration on energy research in our region particularly in areas such as clean fossil energy and renewable energy sources;
Establishing an Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation to enhance capacity building and strengthen information sharing in the forestry sector;
Developing further measures in trade in environmental goods and services, aviation transport, alternative and low carbon energy uses, energy security, the protection of marine biological resources, policy analysis capabilities and a co-benefit approach.
On the global front, the declaration reaffirmed the members’ commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and called for a post-Kyoto international climate change arrangement that strengthens, broadens and deepens the current arrangements and leads to reduced global emissions of greenhouse gases.
We are committed to the global objective of stabilising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. The world needs to slow, stop and then reverse the growth of global greenhouse gas emissions.
APEC economies that are Parties to the UNFCCC agree to work actively and constructively toward a comprehensive post-2012 arrangement at this year’s UNFCCC Conference of the Parties. We pledge our strong support for Indonesia in its role as President of the Conference in Bali in December.
...We agree to work through bilateral, regional and global partnerships to promote clean development, recognising that the UN climate process is the appropriate multilateral forum for international negotiations on climate change.
The declaration outlined a number of principles the APEC leaders said must underpin “an equitable and effective post-2012 international climate change arrangement”
Comprehensiveness. All economies contributing to shared global goals in ways that are equitable, and environmentally and economically effective.
Respect for different domestic circumstances and capacities.
Flexibility. The declaration underlined the importance of the effective operation of market mechanisms.
The important role for low and zero emissions energy sources and technologies. “Co-operation, including joint research, development, deployment and transfer of low and zero emission technologies for their cleaner use, particularly coal, will be essential. It is also important to enhance energy efficiency and diversify energy sources and supplies, including renewable energy.”
The importance of forests and land use.
Promoting open trade and investment.
Support for effective adaptation strategies.