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US House Committee Advances Energy Storage Systems Research, Development and Demonstration Bill; Vehicle-to-Grid Services Included

The US House Committee on Science and Technology advanced two energy bills—one focused on energy storage technologies and the other on industrial energy efficiency research—for consideration by the full House. Last week, both of these bills were cleared by the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment.

H.R. 3776, the Energy Storage Technology Advancement Act of 2007, authorizes the Department of Energy to carry out a program for research, development and demonstration of energy storage systems for stationary and vehicular applications. Among the provisions of the bill are:

  • Basic research in areas including materials design; materials synthesis and characterization; electrolytes; surface and interface dynamics; modeling and simulation; and thermal behavior and life degradation mechanisms. materials, electrolytes, and thermal behavior. $50 million authorized for each of the fiscal years 2009-2014.

  • Applied research in areas including ultracapacitors; flywheels; batteries and battery systems (including flow batteries); compressed air energy systems; power conditioning electronics; manufacturing technologies for energy storage systems; thermal management systems; and hydrogen as an energy storage medium. $80 million authorized for each of the fiscal years 2009-2014.

  • Transportation energy storage demonstrations in areas such as advanced vehicle battery technologies and related components, and new manufacturing technologies for these devices. The program will demonstrate one or more of the following:

    1. Novel, high capacity, high efficiency energy storage, charging, and control systems, along with the collection of data on performance characteristics such as battery life, energy storage capacity, and power delivery capacity.

    2. Advanced onboard energy management systems, highly efficient battery cooling systems.

    3. Integration of such systems on a prototype vehicular platform.

    4. New technologies and processes that reduce manufacturing costs

    5. Integration of advanced vehicle technologies with electricity distribution system and smart metering technology.

    $30 million authorized for each of the fiscal years 2009-2014.

  • A program of research, development, and demonstration of secondary applications of energy storage devices following service in electric drive vehicles, and of technologies and processes for final recycling and disposal of those devices. $5 million authorized for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014

  • Six large-scale demonstrations of electricity storage to meet specific goals such as integrating renewable energy technologies into electric power supply. Each of the following objectives need to be included in at least one of these technology demonstrations:

    1. Energy storage to improve the feasibility of micro-grids or islanding, or the transmission and distribution capability to improve reliability in rural areas.

    2. Integration of an energy storage system with self-healing circuits.

    3. Use of energy storage to improve security to emergency response infrastructure.

    4. Integration with a renewable energy production source, either at the source or away from the source.

    5. Use of energy storage to provide ancillary services, such as frequency response or spinning reserve services, for grid management.

    6. Advancement of power conversion systems to make them smarter, more efficient, able to communicate with other inverters, and able to control voltage.

    7. Use of energy storage to optimize transmission and distribution operation and power quality, which could address overloaded lines and maintenance of transformers and substations.

    8. Use of advanced energy storage for peak shaving of homes, businesses, or grid.

    9. Use of energy storage devices such as plug-in hybrid vehicles to fill up the night time valley for electricity demand to make better use of existing grid assets. (Vehicle-to-Grid, V2G)

    $30 million authorized for each of the fiscal years 2009-2014.

  • Cost sharing to be carried out in accordance with EPACT 2005.

Advancing the field of energy storage technologies brings with it several environmental, economic and security-related benefits, and it is critical that the US build up and maintain a competitive industrial capability in this sector. I am pleased that the Committee could work in a bipartisan fashion to establish this aggressive research program that is vital to advancing the development of energy storage technologies for use in electric drive vehicles and stationary applications; all with the goal of improving operation of our electricity delivery system, allowing for new electric drive vehicles, and more diversified electricity sources such as wind and solar power.

—Bart Gordon

H.R. 3776 passed the Committee by voice vote.

Resources:

Comments

Harvey D

Another step in the right direction.

Much more would be done if the $$ millions were $$ billions.

Low cost massive energy (specially electrical energy) storage is the key to intermittent clean energy production. We all know that smaller (40 Kwh to 100 Kwh) lower cost, high performance EESUs are vital to future PHEVs and BEVs. Both would lead to lower GHG and cleaner air.

Investing the equivalent of one year of the current Irak war cost (about $100 to $150 billions) would not be an exageration. Investing about $200 millions on such an essential development by a rich nation such as USA is really not enough.

bylo-

I agree. However, I don't think we'll see any mass infusion of money into alternive energy as long as we have an oil man in the Whitehouse.

bylo-

I agree. However, I don't think we'll see any mass infusion of money into alternive energy as long as we have an oil man in the Whitehouse.

bylo-

I agree. However, I don't think we'll see any mass infusion of money into alternive energy as long as we have an oil man in the Whitehouse.

Lad

I think the Bush administration spent the energy development money in the last seven years on subsidies for the oil companies. And, that's not going to change until you have a new president who is not in bed with the oil giants. What's a large danger to bringing alternative energy into mass production is the huge deep pockets of Big Oil created by this administration's secret energy policies. Big Oil could continue to delay significant development of alternative energy for decades. And, it bothers me greatly to see how much money they have accumulated, in the billions, to use detrimentally toward continuing to control the energy markets. A pitiful $200 million donation to energy development spread among so many entities is chump change and is nothing more than a political statement to try and undo the truth that this oil president has been a disaster for our country, and has been especially damaging to our energy technology advancement. It's nothing more than election season "feel good money."

Van

The chump change is a Bill in the House of Representatives, not the White house. If you think it should be billions, and it should, the Democrats control the House. Why blame Bush for the failure to fund battery production facilities located in America?
And why fund flywheels and other stuff that has been funded for years and years, money down a rat-hole located at some lefty school.

We could save a lot of energy if we could transmit bulk power coast to coast, but that would take a robust 500 KV transmission system. But when it is hot on the east coast and the AC's are exceeding local generation capacity, it would be off peak in the west and power could be shipped without building any more coal plants.
So just as we funded the Interstate, we should fund an Interstate transmission system, perhaps even with "AC/DC/AC" coupling units to control power flow digitally, every thousand miles or so.

PHEV's will provide all the emergency power we need, we do not need research, we need battery production facilities. When we build an adequate electric power infrastructure, we will help our environment.

Vangineer

Lefties! Boop!

Andrey

Lad, oil rules transportation fuel market all over the world, including communist Cuba and North Korea. It is just the technological and economical reality at current state of civilization.

And evil oil corporations have virtually nothing to do with electricity.

Lad


@Van:
For the last 6 out of 7 years, Bush had a majority in congress that rubber stamped all he did. As a member of the same party, I think he blew a great many opportunities to help fund alternative energy projects, including your suggestion of a super grid. Had he invested during his first years, look how far down the line we would be today. I believe his energy agenda was driven by a great bias in his administration toward the continued use of fossil fuel....oil and gas mostly. He squandered many opportunities to do great things for the country's energy security. Invading Iraq to secure oil instead of funding battery research was just one example. Now that another party has power in the congress, the advantage of owning the congress is gone and valuable time has been lost because of the absence of foresight. I fear we will be paying for this administration's debacles for a long time.

Harvey D

bylo-

You may be right on with your forecast. What were the American voters thinking 3 years ago?

Was Churchill mistaken?

jack

In case you're not aware of it, Andrey is an oil company and Bush apologist, which makes one question who signs his paycheck.

Van's just your run-of-the mill rookie libertarian.

Best not to pay much credence to what they say.

gr

Comments here appear to assume that technological progress is the sole purview of government. With the exception of the Manhattan Project, (taken from independent NGO research) there are few public examples of government-based alternative energy successes. The hundreds of millions needed for these kinds of research should come from public AND private sectors. Maybe the boys at the PG&E or Edison labs can solve the problems with nanotitanate supercaps. Many times guv'mnt has a nasty habit of locking up good science rather than releasing it for public benefit.

Geoff stafford

The power produced by Solar ,Geothermal or Wind systems can right now be stored in "energy accumulators" such as those now marketed by the company V-Fuel ... see details below .

V-Fuel
http://www.vfuel.com.au
V-Fuel's Vanadium Bromide Redox Flow battery is a grid-scale energy storage system which represents a significant development over other redox flow batteries. Improved materials, solutions and membrane design aim to deliver twice the energy density allowing energy from wind and solar power sources to be stored and released into the transmission grid when needed

gr

Your link is broken.

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