|The Aptera Typ-1.|
Aptera has officially introduced the all-electric and plug-in gasoline series hybrid (extended range electric vehicle, EREV) versions of its Typ-1 three-wheeled vehicle. (Earlier post). Both versions will be priced at less than $30,000.
The all-electric model has a range of 120 miles. The plug-in series hybrid has achieved more than 300 miles per gallon with a total range of more than 600 miles. All-electric range is between 40 and 60 miles. The electric version is slated for delivery in 2008, with the EREV model to follow.
Since the Typ-1e (electric) and the Typ-1h (plug-in series hybrid) have different battery needs, this may result in different battery manufacturers for the two models. The Typ-1e is designed to use a 10 KWh pack, while the Typ-1h uses a smaller pack. The cycles and DOD (depth of discharge) are different for both applications. Aptera will announce further information regarding the battery lifespan and warranty policy well before it begins manufacturing the Typ-1.
Although the first Aptera prototype used a parallel diesel hybrid powertrain, the company found that “it’s impossible” to get a small diesel engine certified for emissions in California. Aptera switched to a small, water-cooled EFI gasoline engine with closed loop oxygen feedback and catalytic converter coupled to a 12 kW starter/generator for its Typ-1h.
Solar cells embedded under the roof operate an always-on climate control system, ensuring the interior never gets too hot or too cold.
The Aptera Typ-1 safety features include a front crumple zone, a front end that re-directs crash energy in a frontal impact, steel and composite side and rollover protection as well as driver and passenger side airbags.
The car has “two plus one” seating offering room for driver and passenger while an infant seat (for newborns to age three) can be located in the middle behind them.
Fully refundable reservation deposits of $500 are now being accepted from California residents on the Aptera website (http://www.aptera.com). The company will initially deliver vehicles in Southern California, then in northern California and to other regions nationwide. To date, the company has received more than 400 pre-sale deposits.
Aptera is backed by Idealab and Esenjay Investments with initial financing allocated to building the Typ-1 all-electric and plug-in hybrid prototypes. Aptera is currently raising additional capital to begin manufacturing.