|The V2G system consists of AC Propulsion’s bi-directional on-board charger and an Automatic Generation Control element developed by MAGIC. A later stage in the project will integrate aggregators into the control path. Click to enlarge.|
PJM Interconnection, a regional transmission organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia, last week hosted a presentation and demonstration of an electric vehicle adapted to plug into and receive power dispatch commands from the power grid (Vehicle-to-Grid, V2G).
The vehicle, a modified AC Propulsion eBox EV (earlier post), was developed by the Mid-Atlantic Grid-Interactive Car (MAGIC) Consortium that includes the University of Delaware, Pepco Holdings Inc. (PHI), PJM and AC Propulsion. The partners had earlier demonstrated V2G operation in a demonstration sponsored by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
During the demonstration, the electric vehicle was plugged in and received power dispatch commands from PJM. In response to the signals, the vehicle charged or discharged its battery to help balance supply and demand on the PJM grid.
The demonstration is a lead-in to Phase I of a MAGIC project that will connect 5-6 vehicles to PJM’s Automatic Generation Control (AGC) signal as a means to develop, test and demonstrate the basic V2G technology. Phase II of the project will expand to a 300-car V2G fleet which will be aggregated as part of an ancillary services contract with PJM. This phase is designed to demonstrate V2G business models, further develop the technology, and drive down component costs.
PHI is one of the largest energy delivery companies in the Mid-Atlantic region, serving about 1.9 million customers in four states and the District of Columbia.
PJM has been providing technological support to the consortium to enable the technological advancement of the vehicle and to demonstrate how the grid can facilitate plug-and-play technology.
Dr. Willett Kempton, the lead researcher of the Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) initiative and associate professor of the University of Delaware, gave the presentation before the demonstration.
As an RTO, PJM keeps the electricity supply and demand in balance by telling power producers how much energy should be generated and by adjusting import and export transactions.