France’s Ministry of Ecology (Ministère de l’écologie, du développement et de l’aménagement durables) announced a new feebate system based on CO2 emissions for new vehicle purchases.
Under the scheme, a bonus will be paid to purchasers of new passenger cars emitting less than 130 g CO2/km, which now represents about 30% of sales. The bonus will be supplemented by an extra payment when the acquisition of the vehicle is accompanied by the scrapping of a vehicle that is more than 15 years old. Conversely, buyers of new vehicles that emit more than 160 g CO2/km will pay a penalty. This will affect approximately 25% of new vehicles sold. Buyers of vehicles emitting between 130-160g CO2 will not receive a bonus nor will they pay a tax. This “neutral zone” will apply to about 45% of vehicle purchases.
The payments and the penalties are based on a sliding scale—the less (or more) carbon dioxide emitted, the greater the payment or penalty, respectively. The threshold points for payments or penalties will advance 5 g CO2/km every two years to encourage ongoing development efforts.
To encourage the development of extremely low emission vehicles—especially electric vehicles, the government has a special bonus of €5,000 (US$7,300) for the purchase of vehicles emitting less than 60 g CO2/km.
|Feebate Payments and Thresholds|
|Class||Emissions CO2 (g/km)||Bonus (-)/ Penalty (+) (€)||Examples||% Market share of Class in 2006|
|A||≤100||-1,000||Smart, Fiat 500||0%|
|B||101-120||-700||Citroën C1, C2 and C3; Renault Clio; Peugeot 107 and 207, Fiat Punto||18.1%|
|C+||121-130||-200||Citroën C4, Renault Mégane, VW Polo, Dacia Logan||12.8%|
|C-||131-140||0||Citroën Xsara Picasso, Peugeot 307 and 407; Seat Ibiza||15.8%|
|D||141-160||0||Citroën C5, Mercedes A Class, Ford Focus||28%|
|E+||161-165||+200||Peugeot 607, Opel Zafira||4%|
|E-||166-200||+750||Mégane II break, BMW 3 Series, Toyota Rav 4||14.5%|
|F||201-250||+1,600||Mercedes E Class, Nissan X-Trail, Renault Vel Satis||5.4%|
|G||>250||+2,600||VW Touareg, Citroën C6||1.4%|
(A hat-tip to Bob!)