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Vogelbusch Optimizes Yeast for Higher-Yield Fermentation Process for Cellulosic Ethanol

Austria-based Vogelbusch GmbH has developed and is seeking a patent on an efficient fermentation process for the high-yield extraction of bioethanol from materials containing hemicellulose using an optimized strain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Working in partnership with the Institute of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering at Graz University of Technology, the company says it has succeeded in extracting “significantly more” ethanol from this raw material than other processes.

The focus of the research was to optimize the process that converts the carbohydrate xylose into ethanol using the yeast S. cerevisiae. Xylose is a key intermediate in the production of bioethanol from wood waste, but production processes based on this material are usually relatively inefficient. The reason for this is the imbalanced availability of the substances NAD and NADP—which function as co-enzymes during the conversion process and transfer hydrogen groups—in the majority of microorganisms.

The optimization work that Vogelbusch has carried out on S. cerevisiae resolves the issue of co-enzyme imbalance, thereby delivering greater efficiency in the conversion of xylose into ethanol. Vogelbusch made the following modifications to S. cerevisiae:

  • Introduced the capacity to synthesize a form of the enzyme xylose reductase with an altered binding site for certain co-enzymes.

  • Introduced the capacity from the yeast Galactocandida mastotermitis to synthesize the enzyme xylitol dehydrogenase.

  • Introduced the capacity to synthesize larger volumes of the enzyme xylulosekinase.

The increased efficiency levels in xylose-based ethanol production thus achieved also help to lower the production of unwanted by-products such as glycerine and xylitol. As a result, this optimized strain of S. cerevisiae is able to produce greater ethanol yields than other previously used strains, according to Vogelbusch.

Comments

ejj

We need more information on the definition of "significantly more".....

Rafael Seidl

The press release doesn't address the issue of genetic safety, either. Regardless of how it is achieved, modifying an organism like S. Cervisiae that is widely used in industry to become a hemicellulose super-muncher could conceivably turn it into an invasive artificial species when - it's never a question of if - it is accidentally released into the wild.

This appears to go well beyond adding Bt genes to corn.

Engineer-Poet

Somehow I doubt that a xylose-muncher which is tailored for the conditions in an anaerobic vat of finely divided and hydrolized material is going to have much of a chance at living on lignocellulose while dodging the defenses of a living plant.  Most of the organisms which do that job wait until the plant is dead and can't fight back.

manny

"Optimized". Sounds much better that "Genetically modified".

Engineer-Poet

Would "genome-doubled" or "mutagen-treated" sound any better to you?  Because that's what's been done to plants since long before DNA transfers hit the lab.

sjc

I wonder what these would do if they got hold of a wood frame house. The original enzyme approach came from jungle rot and mushrooms.

Engineer-Poet

They're anaerobic bugs which live in wet solutions of monosaccharides.  What would you expect them to do, besides die?

Barton L. Mackey

No comments at present.

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